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European Robin © 2008 Fraser SimpsonI'm currently building a small library of bird vocalisations. MP3 versions of the original wave recordings made in the field can be sampled here. These sound recordings have been made using various pieces of gear from a minidisc recorder coupled with an inexpensive microphone to professional Sennheiser and Roland equipment. In February 2019 I started using a stereo parabolic microphone. Field recordings have been cut and prepared for the web with Magix Audio Cleaning Lab or Audacity. Field notes and recording data, including GPS readings, are compiled in a database.

Accompanying most sound recordings is a corresponding sonogram for all or part of the sample. A sonogram is a visual representation of sound in a graphical form with frequency (analogous to pitch) in Hertz (wave cycles of sound per second) on the y-axis, and time (in seconds) on the x-axis.

Some recordings are also uploaded to Xeno-Canto and SoundCloud.

Europe & North Africa  |  North America  |  Rest of the World  


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Europe & North Africa



Western Capercaillie  Tetrao urogallus

Red Grouse  Lagopus scotica

Double-spurred Francolin  Francolinus bicalcaratus

Red-legged Partridge  Alectotis rufa

Barbary Partridge  Alectoris barbara

Chukar  Alectoris chukar

Grey Partridge  Perdix perdix

Common Quail  Coturnix coturnix

Common Pheasant  Phasianus colchicus




Mute Swan  Cygnus olor

Whooper Swan  Cygnus cygnus

Greylag Goose  Anser anser

Canada Goose  Branta canadensis

Barnacle Goose  Branta leucopsis

Egyptian Goose  Alopochen aegyptiaca

Common Shelduck  Tadorna tadorna

Ruddy Shelduck  Tadorna ferruginea

Eurasian Wigeon  Anas penelope

Gadwall  Anas strepera

Eurasian Teal  Anas crecca

Mallard  Anas platyrhynchos

Garganey  Anas querquedula

Northern Shoveler  Anas clypeata

Common Pochard  Aythya ferina

Tufted Duck  Aythya fuligula

Goosander  Mergus merganser



Little Grebe  Tachybaptus rufocollis

Great Crested Grebe  Podiceps cristatus

Red-necked Grebe  Podiceps grisgena



Greater Flamingo  Phoenicopterus roseus



Northern Fulmar  Fulmarus glacialis



Great Cormorant  Phalacrocorax carbo



Great Bittern  Botaurus stellaris

Cattle Egret  Bubulcus ibis

Little Egret  Egretta garzetta

Great Egret  Casmerodius albus

Grey Heron  Ardea cinerea

Purple Heron  Ardea purpurea

Black Stork  Ciconia nigra

White Stork  Ciconia ciconia

Glossy Ibis  Plegadis falcinellus



Eurasian Griffon Vulture  Gyps fulvus

Black Kite  Milvus migrans

Red Kite  Milvus milvus

Eurasian Sparrowhawk  Accipiter nisus

Long-legged Buzzard  Buteo rufinus

Common Buzzard  Buteo buteo

European Honey-buzzard  Pernis apivorus

Lesser Kestrel  Falco naumanni

Lesser Spotted Eagle  Aquila pomarina



Water Rail  Rallus quaticus

Spotted Crake  Porzana porzana

Corncrake  Crex crex

Common Moorhen  Gallinula chloropus

Common Coot  Fulica atra

Eurasian Crane  Grus grus

Purple Swamphen  Porphyrio porphyrio



Eurasian Oystercatcher  Haemantopus ostralegus

Black-winged Stilt  Himantopus himantopus

Pied Avocet  Recurvirostra avosetta

Stone-curlew  Burhinus oedicnemus

Collared Pratincole  Glareola pratincola

Ringed Plover  Charadrius hiaticula

Little Ringed Plover  Charadrius dubius

Kentish Plover  Charadrius alexandrinus

European Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria

Northern Lapwing  Vanellus vanellus

Dunlin  Calidris alpina

Common Snipe  Gallinago gallinago

Woodcock  Scolopax rusticola

Whimbrel  Numenius phaeopus

Eurasian Curlew  Numenius arquata

Common Redshank  Tringa totanus

Common Greenshank  Tringa nebularia

Green Sandpiper  Tringa ochropus

Wood Sandpiper  Tringa glareola

Common Sandpiper  Actitis hypoleucos

Ruddy Turnstone  Arenaria interpres

Great Skua  Stercorarius skua

Mediterranean Gull  Larus melanocephalus

Little Gull  Larus minutus

Black-headed Gull  Larus ridibundus

Audouin's Gull  Larus audouinii

Common Gull  Larus canus

Lesser Black-backed Gull  Larus fuscus

Yellow-legged Gull  Larus michahellis

Herring Gull  Larus argentatus

Great Black-backed Gull  Larus marinus

Little Tern  Sternula albifrons

Gull-billed Tern  Gelochelidon niloctica

Common Tern  Sterna hirundo

Black Guillemot  Cepphus grylle



Feral Pigeon  Columba livia (domest.)

Stock Dove  Columba oenas

Wood Pigeon  Columba palumbus

European Turtle Dove  Streptopelia turtur

Collared Dove  Streptopelia decaocto



Ring-necked Parakeet  Psittacula krameri



Cuckoo  Cuculus canorus



Eurasian Scops Owl  Otus scops

Little Owl  Athene noctua

Tawny Owl  Strix aluco



European Nightjar  Caprimulgus europaeus



Common Swift  Apus apus

Alpine Swift  Apus melba



Common Kingfisher  Alcedo atthis

European Bee-eater  Merops apiaster

Eurasian Hoopoe  Upupa epops



Black Woodpecker  Dryocopus martius

Green Woodpecker  Picus viridis

Great Spotted Woodpecker  Dendrocopus major

Middle Spotted Woodpecker  Dendrocopus medius

Lesser Spotted Woodpecker  Dendrocopus minor

White-backed Woodpecker  Denrocopus leucotos

Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker  Picoides tridactylus




Calandra Lark  Melanocorypha calandra

Greater Short-toed Lark  Calandrella brachydactyla

Crested Lark  Galerida cristata

Thekla Lark  Galerida theklae

Woodlark  Lullula arborea

Skylark  Alauda arvensis


Sand Martin  Riparia riparia

Eurasian Crag Martin  Ptyonoprogne rupestris

Barn Swallow  Hirundo rustica

House Martin  Delichon urbicum

Red-rumped Swallow  Cecropis daurica


Tawny Pipit   Anthus campestris

Rock Pipit  Anthus petrosus

Water Pipit  Anthus spinoletta

Tree Pipit  Anthus trivialis

Meadow Pipit  Anthus pratensis

Grey Wagtail  Motacilla cinerea

White Wagtail  Motacilla alba alba

Pied Wagtail  Motacilla alba yarrellii

Iberian Yellow Wagtail  Motacilla flava iberiae

Black-headed Wagtail  Motacilla flava feldegg


Bohemian Waxwing  Bombycilla garrulus


Eurasian Wren  Troglodytes troglodytes


Dunnock  Prunella modularis


Common Redstart  Phoenicurus phoenicurus

Black Redstart  Phoenicurus ochrurus

Whinchat  Saxicola rubetra

European Stonechat  Saxicola rubicola

Isabelline Wheatear  Oenanthe isabellina

Northern Wheatear  Oenanthe oenanthe

Black-eared Wheatear  Oenanthe hispanica melanoleuca

Blue Rock Thrush  Monticola solitarius

Ring Ouzel  Turdus toquatus

Blackbird  Turdus merula

Fieldfare  Turdus pilaris

Song Thrush  Turdus philomelos

Redwing  Turdus iliacus

Mistle Thrush  Turdus viscivorus

European Robin  Erithacus rubecula

Thrush Nightingale  Luscinia luscinia

Nightingale  Luscinia megarhynchos

Rufous Bush Robin  Cercotrichas galactotes


Cetti's Warbler  Cettia cetti

Zitting Cisticola  Cisticola juncidis

Grasshopper Warbler  Locustella naevia

River Warbler  Locustella fluviatilis

Savi's Warbler  Locustella luscinioides

Aquatic Warbler  Acrocephalus paludicola

Sedge Warbler  Acrocephalus schoenobaenus

Moustached Warbler  Acrocephalus melanopogon

Paddyfield Warbler  Acrocephalus agricola

Blyth's Reed Warbler  Acrocephalus dumetoru

Marsh Warbler  Acrocephalus palustris

Eurasian Reed Warbler  Acrocephalus scirpaceu

Great Reed Warbler  Acrocephalus arundinaceus

Eastern Olivaceous Warbler  Hippolais pallida

Icterine Warbler  Hippolais icterina

Melodious Warbler  Hippolais polyglotta

Blackcap  Sylvia atricapilla

Garden Warbler  Sylvia borin

Barred Warbler  Sylvia nisoria

Lesser Whitethroat  Sylvia curruca

Eastern Orphean Warbler  Sylvia crassirostris

Common Whitethroat  Sylvia communis

Western Subalpine Warbler  Sylvia inornata

Eastern Subalpine Warbler  Sylvia cantillans

Sardinian Warbler  Sylvia melanocephala

Rüppell’s Warbler  Sylvia rueppelli

Tristram's Warbler  Sylvia deserticola

Greenish Warbler  Phylloscopus trochiloides viridanus

Yellow-browed Warbler  Phylloscopus inornatus

Dusky Warbler  Phylloscopus fuscatus

Western Bonelli's Warbler  Phylloscopus bonelli

Eastern Bonelli's Warbler  Phylloscopus orientalis

Wood Warbler  Phylloscopus sibilatrix

Common Chiffchaff  Phylloscopus collybita

Iberian Chiffchaff  Phylloscopus ibericus

Willow Warbler  Phylloscopus trochilus

Goldcrest  Regulus regulus

Firecrest  Regulus ignicapilla


Siberian Rubythroat  Calliope calliope

Spotted Flycatcher  Muscicapa striata

Red-breasted Flycatcher  Ficedula parva

Pied Flycatcher  Ficedula hypoleuca


Long-tailed Tit  Aegithalos caudatus


European Blue Tit  Cyanistes caeruleus

African Blue Tit  Cyanistes teneriffae

Great Tit  Parus major

Crested Tit  Lophophanes cristatus

Coal Tit  Periparus ater

Marsh Tit  Poecile palustris

Sombre Tit  Poecile lugubris


Wood Nuthatch  Sitta europaea

Krüper's Nuthatch  Sitta krueperi

Western Rock Nuthatch  Sitta neumayer


Eurasian Treecreeper  Certhia familiaris

Short-toed Treecreeper  Certhia brachydactyla


Penduline Tit  Remiz pendulinus


Golden Oriole  Oriolus oriolus


Red-backed Shrike  Lanius collurio

Great Grey Shrike  Lanius excubitor

Woodchat Shrike  Lanius senator

Masked Shrike  Lanius nubicus


Black-crowned Tchagra  Tchagra senegalus



Common Bulbul  Pycnonotus barbatus


Eurasian Jay  Garrulus glandarius

Iberian (Azure-winged) Magpie  Cyanopica cooki

Black-billed Magpie  Pica pica

Eurasian Jackdaw  Corvus monedula

Rook  Corvus frugilegus

Carrion Crow  Corvus corone

Hooded Crow  Corvus cornix

Red-billed Chough  Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax

Alpine Chough  Pyrrhocorax graculus


Common Starling  Sturnus vulgaris

Spotless Starling  Sturnus unicolor


House Sparrow  Passer domseticus

Spanish Sparrow  Passer hispaniolensis

Eurasian Tree Sparrow  Passer montanus

Rock Sparrow  Petronia petronia


Common Chaffinch  Fringilla coelebs

African Chaffinch  Fringilla coelebs africana

Brambling  Fringilla montifringilla

European Serin Serinus serinus

European Greenfinch   Carduelis chloris

European Goldfinch  Carduelis carduelis

Eurasian Siskin  Carduelis spinus

Common Linnet  Carduelis cannabina

Lesser Redpoll  Carduelis cabaret

Common Crossbill  Loxia curvirostra

Common Rosefinch  Carpodacus erythrinus

Common Bullfinch  Pyrrhula pyrrhula

Hawfinch  Coccothraustes coccothraustes


Yellowhammer  Emberiza citrinella

Cirl Bunting  Emberiza cirlus

Cinereous Bunting  Emberiza cineracea

Rock Bunting  Emberiza cia

Ortolan Bunting  Emberiza hortulana

Cretzschmar's Bunting  Emberiza caesia

Reed Bunting  Emberiza schoeniclus

Black-headed Bunting  Emberiza melanocephala

Corn Bunting  Emberiza calandra

House Bunting  Emberiza sahari



Europe & North Africa - Introduced & Escapes

Egyptian Goose  Alopochen aegyptiaca

Monk Parakeet  Myiopsitta monachus

Ring-necked Parakeet  Psittacula krameri



North America

Wood Duck  Aix sponsa

Snow Goose  Chen caerulescens

Green-winged Teal  Anas carolinensis

Wild Turkey  Meleagris gallopavo

Common Loon  Gavia immer

Osprey  Pandion haliaetus

Merlin  Falco columbarius

Gambel's Quail  Callipepla gambelii

Sandhill Crane  Grus canadensis

Willet  Tringa semipalmata

Mourning Dove  Zenaida macroura

Common Ground Dove  Columbina passerina

Belted Kingfisher  Ceryle alcyon

Red-bellied Woodpecker  Melanerpes carolinus

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker  Sphyrapicus varius

Hairy Woodpecker  Picoides villosus

Black-backed Woodpecker  Picoides arcticus

Pileated Woodpecker  Sphyrapicus varius

Eastern Wood-Pewee  Contopus virens

Alder Flycatcher  Empidonax alnorum

Willow Flycatcher  Empidonax traillii

Least Flycatcher  Empidonax minimus

White-eyed Vireo  Vireo griseus

Warbling Vireo  Vireo gilvus

Philadelphia Vireo  Vireo philadelphicus

Red-eyed Vireo  Vireo olivaceus

Black-whiskered Vireo  Vireo altiloquus

Gray Jay  Perisoreus canadensis

Blue Jay  Cyanocitta cristata

American Crow  Corvus brachyrhynchos

Common Raven  Corvus corax

Tree Swallow  Tachycineta bicolor

Veery  Catharus fuscescens

Swainson's Thrush  Catharus ustulatus

Hermit Thrush  Catharus guttatus

American Robin  Turdus migratorius

Gray Catbird  Dumettela carolinensis

Northern Mockingbird  Mimus polyglottos

Red-breasted Nuthatch  Sitta canadensis

Black-capped Chickadee  Poecile atricapillus

Boreal Chickadee  Poecile hudsonicus

Brown Creeper  Certhia americana

Winter Wren  Troglodytes hiemalis

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher  Polioptila caerulea

Golden-crowned Kinglet  Regulus satrapa

Cedar Waxwing  Bombycilla cedrorum

Ovenbird  Seiurus aurocapilla

Northern Waterthrush  Parkesia noveboracensis

Black-and-white Warbler  Mniotilta varia

Nashville Warbler  Oreothlypis ruficapilla

Mourning Warbler  Geothlypis philadelphia

Common Yellowthroat  Geothlypis trichas

American Redstart  Setophaga ruticilla

Northern Parula  Setophaga americana

Magnolia Warbler  Setophaga magnolia

Bay-breasted Warbler  Setophaga castanea

Blackburnian Warbler  Setophaga fusca

Yellow Warbler  Setophaga petechia

Chestnut-sided Warbler  Setophaga pensylvanica

Blackpoll Warbler  Setophaga striata

Black-throated Blue Warbler  Setophaga caerulescens

Palm Warbler  Dendroica palmarum

Pine Warbler  Setophaga pinus

Yellow-rumped Warbler  Setophaga coronata

Prairie Warbler  Dendroica discolor

Black-throated Green Warbler  Setophaga virens

Canada Warbler  Cardellina canadensis

Eastern Towhee  Pipilo erythrophthalmus

Chipping Sparrow  Spizella passerina

Field Sparrow  Spizella pusilla

Saltmarsh Sparrow  Ammodramus caudacutus

Fox Sparrow  Passerella iliaca

Song Sparrow  Melospiza melodia

Swamp Sparrow  Melospiza georgiana

White-throated Sparrow  Zonotrichia albicollis

White-crowned Sparrow  Zonotrichia leucophrys

Dark-eyed Junco  Junco hyemalis

Scarlet Tanager  Piranga olivacea

Northern Cardinal  Cardinalis cardinalis

Bobolink  Dolichonyx orzyivorus

Red-winged Blackbird  Agelaius phoeniceus

Eastern Meadowlark  Sturnella magna

Common Grackle  Quiscalus quiscula

Baltimore Oriole  Icterus galbula

Purple Finch  Carpodacus purpureus

House Finch  Carpodacus mexicanus

Red Crossbill  Loxia curvirostra

American Goldfinch  Spinus tristis



Screaming Piha  Lipaugus vociferans

Coraya Wren  Thryothorus coraya

Great Antshrike  Taraba major



White-rumped Shama  Copsychus malabaricus

Bamboo Woodpecker  Gecinulus viridis

Red Junglefowl  Gallus gallus


New Caledonia

Kagu  Rhynochetos jubatus

Silver Gull  Chroicocephalus novaehollandiae

New Caledonian Imperial-Pigeon  Ducula goliath

Horned Parakeet  Eunymphicus cornutus

New Caledonian Crow  Corvus moneduloides

New Caledonian Friarbird  Philemon diemenensis

Fan-tailed Gerygone  Gerygone flavolateralis flavolateralis

Long-tailed Triller  Lalage leucopyga montrosieri

New Caledonian Whistler  Pachycephala caledonica caledonica

Rufous Whistler  Pachycephala rufiventris xanthetraea

Grey Fantail  Rhipidura albiscapa bulgeri

Streaked Fantail  Rhipidura verreauxi verreauxi

Barred Honeyeater  Glycifohia undulata

Grey-eared Honeyeater  Lichmera incana

Green-backed White-eye  Zosterops xanthochroa

Striated Starling  Aplonis striata

Common Myna  Acridotheres tristis

Common Waxbill  Estrilda astrild

Red-throated Parrotfinch  Erythrura psittacea



Australian White Ibis  Threskiornis molucca

Sulphur-crested Cockatoo  Cacatua galerita

Rainbow Lorikeet  Trichoglossus haematodus

Superb Lyrebird  Menura novaehollandiae

Pied Currawong  Strepera graculina

White-browed Scrubwren  Sericornis frontalis



Field Grasshopper  Chorthippus brunneus

Meadow Grasshopper  Chorthippus parallelus

Dark Bush-cricket  Pholidoptera griseoaptera

Roesel's Bush-cricket  Merioptera roeseliii

Bog Bush-cricket  Metrioptera brachyptera

Long-winged Conehead  Conocephalus fuscus

Great Green Bush-cricket  Tettigonia viridissima

Common Green Grasshopper  Omocestus viridulus

Mottled Grasshopper  Myrmeleotettix maculatus

European Field Cricket  Gryllus campestris

Vineyard Mole-cricket  Gryllotalpa vineae

House Cricket  Acheta domesticus

Keys Cicada  Diceroprocta bionica


Other sounds

Goat herd with bells

Wild Boar  Sos scrofa

European Roe Deer  Capreolus capreolus

Various passerines mobbing a Tawny Owl fledgling

Iberian Water Frog  Pelophylax perezi

Marsh Frog  Rana ridibunda

African Grey Parrot  Psittacus erithacus


 © Fraser Simpson

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