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Zahara de los Atunes

Costa de la Luz

Andalucía · Spain

 

6-16 April 2023

Observers: F. Simpson

 

Introduction


 

Finally, after three missed years, we returned to Zahara de los Atunes, situated on the Costa de la Luz in the Strait of Gibraltar in Cádiz Provence, Andalucía for the university field course trip on ecological genetics. Much of the time was spent around Zahara de los Atunes, Barbate and the Valle de Ojén in the Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales. Some time was possible for birding but in general the following notes document the observations at the various student study sites.

Previous Trip Reports:  2023 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2003

Map with Kentish Plover (Charadrius alexandrinus) drawing © Fraser Simpson

 

 Kentish Plover (Charadrius alexandrinus), Playa de Zahara © Fraser Simpson

Kentish Plover (Charadrius alexandrinus), Playa de Zahara

 

 

Highlights


Great Egret, Spoonbill, Northern Bald Ibis, Glossy Ibis, Black-crowned Night-Heron, Greater Flamingo, Griffon Vulture, Short-toed Eagle, Booted Eagle, Montagu's Harrier, Lesser Kestrel, Purple Swamphen, Collared Pratincole, Slender-billed Gull, Audouin's Gull, Gull-billed Tern, Lesser Crested Tern, Caspian Tern, Little Swift, Turtle Dove, Greater Short-toed Lark, Calandra Lark, Tawny Pipit, Red-rumped Swallow, Black-eared Wheatear, Iberian Chiffchaff, Western Bonelli's Warbler, Western Subalpine Warber, Spanish Sparrow.

 

 

Itinerary


 

Day 01       06/04/23     London Gatwick Airport > Malaga > Algeciras > Tarifa > Zahara de los Atunes
Day 02       07/04/23     Zahara de los Atunes
> Facinas > Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales
Day 03       08/04/23     Zahara de los Atunes
> Atlanterra > La Breña de Barbate > Conil > Atlanterra
Day 04       09/04/23     Zahara de los Atunes
> Atlanterra > La Zarzuela 
Day 05       10/04/23     Zahara de los Atunes
> Atlanterra > Valle de Ojén
Day 06       11/04/23     Zahara de los Atunes
Day 07       12/04/23     Zahara de los Atunes
> La Breña de Barbate > Marismas del Barbate
Day 08       13/04/23     Zahara de los Atunes
> La Breña de Barbate
Day 09       14/04/23     Zahara de los Atunes
> Marismas del Barbate > La Barca de Vejer > La Janda >  Benalup
Day 10       15/04/23     Zahara de los Atunes
> La Breña de Barbate

Day 11       16/04/23     Zahara de los Atunes > Tarifa > Algeciras > Malaga > London Luton Airport

 

 

Map of main locations visited 2003-2023


Map of Locations, SE Costa de la Luz, Cádiz Provence, Andalucía, Spain  ·  www.fssbirding.org.uk

 1. Zahara de los Atunes & Río del Cachón (Zahara estuary)

 2. Playa de Zahara (Theba and beetle study site)

 3. Atlantera, Faro de Camarinal & Cabo de Gracia  (Cistus and beetle study site)

 4. La Zarzuela & El Almarchal (Polistes & Theba and beetle study site)

 5. Bolonia

 6. Cueva del Moro

 7. Embalse de Almodóvar, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales

 8. Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales (Aquarius & Asphodelus study site)

 9. Sendero Canuto de Risco Blanco, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales (Lavandula study site)

10. El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate

11. Marismas del Barbate

12. Río Barbate (river mouth) & Playa del Cañillo

13. West side of the Río Barbate, Marismas del Barbate

14. La Breña de Barbate (Lavandula study site)

15. Sendero Marismas del Barbate (from Km 2.4 on N-314, SE of Vejer de la Frontera)

16. La Barca de Vejer

17. Casa la Palmera, Conil (Polistes study site)

18. La Janda - entrance opposite Venta de Retín to Canal Colector del Este (Río Almodóvar)

19. Itinerario Ecuestre IE-027.2 (marsh at start of horse track)

20. Oxbow, near Benalup

21. La Janda - entrance at Km-47 on the N-340

22. Sendero Colada de la Costa, Tarifa

 

 

Day 1                                                                                                                              
Thursday 6 April 2023
London Gatwick Airport > Malaga > Algeciras > Tarifa > Zahara de los Atunes


Drive from Malaga to Zahara, via Tarifa
Red-rumped Swallow, Black Kite, Griffon Vulture, Booted Eagle, Short-toed Eagle, Bee-eater, White Stork, Sardinian Warbler, Corn Bunting, Stonechat, Spotless Starling, Crag Martin, Cattle Egret, Woodchat Shrike and Calandra Lark noted. 

Strait of Gibraltar, from Mirador de Estrecho © Fraser Simpson

View south over the Strait of Gibraltar to Jebel Musa, Morocco from Mirador del Estrecho, Spain

 

Zahara de los Atunes  36° 08' 07.8'' N  05° 50' 48.0'' W
Field/Southern Field Crickets heard singing each evening near the hotel.

 

 

 

Day 2                                                                                                                              
Friday 7 April 2023
Zahara de los Atunes > Facinas > Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales
Blue sky, very strong eastery wind, max 22°C


Highlights
Red-rumped Swallow, Montagu's Harrier, Bee-eater, Earthling Stone Grasshopper, Common Maquis Grasshopper, Lamenting Grasshopper, Western Bonelli's Warbler, Iberian Chiffchaff, Short-toed Treecreeper, Spanish Festoon, Moroccan Orange-tip, Three-toed Skink, Iberian Mantis, Large Psammodromas.

Boardwalk: Castillo de las Almadrabas > Playa de Zahara
A quick along the boardwalk after breakfast produced a Red-rumped Swallow, serveral Barn Swallows and House Martins, singing Sardinian Warbler and Corn Buntings. Field Crickets (Gryllus campestris) were already singing from the short coastal turf behind the low dunes.

Hotel Gran Sol, Zahara de los Atunes © Fraser Simpson

Hotel Gran Sol & Sierra de Retín, Zahara de los Atunes, April 2023

 

Hotel Gran Sol, Zahara de los Atunes © Fraser Simpson

Hotel Gran Sol & Sierra de Retín, Zahara de los Atunes, April 2023

 

 

 

Map of Zahara de los Atunes & Río del Cachón © Fraser Simpson

Map of Zahara de los Atunes & Río del Cachón

 

1. Río del Cachón - river mouth: a few waders/terns/egrets inc Caspian Tern

2. Sierra de Retín: end of the ridge good for raptors inc Griffon Vulture; Little Owls in outcrop above the road; Northern Bald Ibis occasionally pass.

3. Río del Cachón - upriver of bridge: tidal mud and saltmarsh holds small numbers of waders/egrets/wagtails, inc Black-winged Stilt and occasional Spoonbill.

4. Castillo de las Almadrabas: Spotless Starling, Pallid Swift with regular Crag Martin and Red-rumped Swallow; occasional Blue Rock Thrush and Black Redstart on castle wall; roof of Gran Sol Hotel good for observing diurnal passage of many species - occasional Little Swift.

5. Playa de Zahara: low dunes good for arriving passerines inc Woodchat Shrike, Nightingale, Subalpine Warbler, Hoopoe, wheatears; breeding Kentish Plover and migrant Sanderling; offshore movements of gulls (inc Audouin's), terns (inc Gull-billed), Balearic & Cory's Shearwater, Gannet, skua, auks & waders. Exhausted raptors in strong easterly winds.

6. Río del Cachón -  bridge NE of town: marsh and grazing good for raptors, egrets and other migrants.

  

Zahara de los Atunes coastal dunes and grassland © Fraser Simpson

Coastal dunes, grassland and scrub, Zahara de los Atunes, April 2023

Drive to Valle de Ojén, via Tahivilla, Facinas, and Emblase de Almodovar
Extremely strong easterly winds with most birds keeping low: Bee-eater (3), Griffon Vulture (2), Montagu's Harrier (1), White Stork (2) and Corn Buntings noted. Mallard (20+) at the reservoir.

Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales
(Aquarius study site)  36° 08' 55.5" N  05° 34' 56.9" W
Very few raptors in the sky with only two Griffon Vultures and a Black Kite. The oak and alder woodland along the stream was slightly more sheltered and held singing Western Bonelli's Warbler, Iberian Chiffchaff, Short-toed Treecreeper, Firecrest, Blackcap, Chaffinch, Great Tit and Wren. Other birds heard or seen included Hawfinch (3-4), Kingfisher, Nuthatch, Blackbird, Blue Tit, Common Chiffchaff and Willow Warbler. Sardinian Warblers were singing from the scrubby edges. Bee-eater passage could be heard throughout the late morning and early afternoon with several loose groups observed heading north, including a flock of 20+.

I spent most of the time looking for Orthoptera, finding five species: Earthling Stone Grasshopper (Euryparyphes terrulentus), Common Maquis Grasshopper (Pezotettix giornae), Field Cricket (Gryllus campestris), Lamenting/White-banded Grasshopper (Eyprepocnemis plorans) and very small unidentified bush-cricket nymphs. All the Earthling Stone Grasshoppers were still medium to large nymphs of three colour types; brown, green, or greenish brown with a pale band running across the ventral side from head to abdomen tip. Several Field Crickets were singing in the sheltered sites out of the wind but, as usual, ceased stridulating on close approach. Hopefully I see one closely this week.

Butterflies noted included Spanish Festoon (Zerynthia rumina), Moroccan Orange-tip (Anthocharis belia), Provence Hairstreak (Tomares ballus), and Wall Brown (Lasiommata megera). Other interesting species seen were Iberian Mantis (Apteromantis aptera), Western Three-toed Skink (Chalcides striatus) and Red-striped Oil Beetle (Berberomeloe majalis).

Asphodels pasture, Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales, Spain © Fraser Simpson

Asphodel pasture, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales, April 2023

 

Earthling Stone Grasshopper (Euryparyphes terrulentus), Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales, Spain © Fraser Simpson

Earthling Stone Grasshopper (Euryparyphes terrulentus) - green form - fairly common in grassland along the Arroyo del Tiradero, April 2023

 

Earthling Stone Grasshopper (Euryparyphes terrulentus), Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales, Spain © Fraser Simpson

Earthling Stone Grasshopper (Euryparyphes terrulentus) - brown form - fairly common in grassland along the Arroyo del Tiradero, April 2023

 

Common Maquis Grasshopper (Pezotettix giornae), Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales, Spain © Fraser Simpson

Common Maquis Grasshopper (Pezotettix giornae), common in grassland along the Arroyo del Tiradero, April 2023

 

Common Maquis Grasshopper (Pezotettix giornae), Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales, Spain © Fraser Simpson

Common Maquis Grasshopper (Pezotettix giornae), common in grassland along the Arroyo del Tiradero, April 2023

 

White-banded Grasshopper/Lamenting Grasshopper (Eyprepocnemis plorans), Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales, Spain © Fraser Simpson

White-banded Grasshopper/Lamenting Grasshopper (Eyprepocnemis plorans), Arroyo del Tiradero, April 2023

 

Red-striped Oil Beetle (Berberomeloe majalis), Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales, Spain © Fraser Simpson

Red-striped Oil Beetle (Berberomeloe majalis), Arroyo del Tiradero, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales, April 2023

 

Iberian Mantis (Apteromantis aptera), Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales, Spain © Fraser Simpson

Iberian Mantis (Apteromantis aptera), Arroyo del Tiradero, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales, April 2023

 

Iberian Mantis (Apteromantis aptera), Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales, Spain © Fraser Simpson

Iberian Mantis (Apteromantis aptera), Arroyo del Tiradero, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales, April 2023

 

Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales, Spain © Fraser Simpson

Alder & Portuguese Oak-lined stream, Arroyo del Tiradero, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales, April 2023

 

Boardwalk: Playa de Zahara > Castillo de las Almadrabas
Walk along the boardwalk, through the castle remains to the hotel. Large Psammodromus (Psammodromus hispanicus) paused breifly in the sun before scuttling off into cover. Polistes paper wasp chewing the wood planks. The shelter of the castle held a few butterflies: Bath White (Pontia daplidice) (5), Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui) (3) and Mallow/False (Carcharodus alceae/tripolinus) Mallow Skipper (3).

 

 

Day 3                                                                                                                              
Saturday 8 April 2023
Zahara de los Atunes > Atlanterra > La Breña de Barbate > Conil > Atlanterra
Blue sky, wind 20 mph E, min 13°C, max 22°C


Highlights
Woodchat Shrike, Black Kite, Iberian Water Frog, Orobanche densiflora, Common Stick Grasshopper, Clouded Yellow, Melodious Warbler, Green-striped White, Smooth-striped Bush-cricket, Puissant's Green-winged Grasshopper, Common Digging Grasshopper.

Boardwalk: Castillo de las Almadrabas > Playa de Zahara
Walked along the boardwalk at sunrise. Cattle Egrets were moving east along the coast after leaving their roosting site (20+ in 15 minutes). At least four male Sardinian Warblers heard singing from the coastal scrub, with a female observed and several more alarm-calling. Male Woodchat Shrike perched up close to the boardwalk. Singing Nightingale and Corn Bunting. Also noted: Goldfinch (17), Barn Swallow, House Martin, Collared Dove, Feral Pigeon, Yellow-legged Gull and Spotless Starling.

Zahara de los Atunes boardwalk © Fraser Simpson

Boardwalk through Giant Reed (Arundo donax), Zahara de los Atunes, April 2023

Atlanterra (2nd beetle study site): beach below west side of lighthouse  36° 05' 33.6" N  05° 48' 41.3" W
Black Kite passage in progress this morning with 16 in off the sea in 15 minutes. Smaller numbers continued while we were there.

Atlanterra, Costa de la Luz, Spain © Fraser Simpson

Atlanterra, Costa de la Luz, April 2023

 

Orobanche densiflora, Atlanterra, Costa de la Luz, Spain © Fraser Simpson

Orobanche densiflora, Atlanterra, Andalucía, Spain, April 2023

 

La Breña de Barbate: Ruta de los Acantilado  36° 11' 21.2" N  05° 56' 46.2" W
Found my first Common Stick Grasshopper (Pyrgomorpha conica) on the needle-covered forest floor of the Umbrella/Stone Pines in a semi-shaded area. Black Kites were arriving in off the sea or from further east along the coast.

Stone Pine/Umbrella Pine (Pinus pinea), La Breña de Barbate, Andalucía, Spain © Fraser Simpson

Stone Pine/Umbrella Pine (Pinus pinea), Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, Andalucía, Spain, April 2023

 

Common Stick Grasshopper (Pyrgomorpha conica) © Fraser Simpson

Common Stick Grasshopper (Pyrgomorpha conica), Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, Andalucía, Spain, April 2023

 

Common Stick Grasshopper (Pyrgomorpha conica) © Fraser Simpson

Common Stick Grasshopper (Pyrgomorpha conica), Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, Andalucía, Spain, April 2023

Casa la Palmera (Polistes study site near Conil de la Frontera)  36° 15' 09.4" N  06° 03' 54.0" W
Found a late instar nymph of a Smooth Striped Bush-cricket (Odontura glabricauda) in rough grassland around the farm.

Casa la Palmera, Conil de la Frontera © Fraser Simpson

Casa la Palmera, Costa de la Luz, April 2023

 

Smooth Striped Bush-cricket (Odontura glabricauda) © Fraser Simpson

Smooth Striped Bush-cricket (Odontura glabricauda), Conil de la Frontera, Cádiz, Andalucía, Spain, Apr 2023

Atlanterra: beach below west side of lighthouse  36° 05' 33.6" N  05° 48' 41.3" W
Returned late evening to mark the beetles. Found several Common Digging Grasshoppers (Acrotylus insubricus) - red wings in flight - in the remaining dune/garrigue interface areas as well as a single Puissant's Green-winged Grasshopper (Aiolopus puissanti). A cicada was singing intermittently.

Atlanterra © Fraser Simpson

Atlanterra, Costa de la Luz, April 2023

 

Common Digging Grasshopper (Acrotylus insubricus) © Fraser Simpson

Common Digging Grasshopper (Acrotylus insubricus), Atlanterra, Andalucía, Spain, April 2023

 

Spilostethus pandurus © Fraser Simpson

Spilostethus pandurus, Atlanterra, Andalucía, Spain, April 2023

 

 

Day 4                                                                                                                              
Sunday 9 April 2023
Zahara de los Atunes > Atlanterra > La Zarzuela 
Blue sky, wind 17 mph E, min 13°C, max 26°C


Highlights
Alpine Swift, Pallid Swift, Iberian Wall Lizard, Iberian Water Frog, Monarch, Calandra Lark, Smooth Striped Bush-cricket, Garden Locust, Agapanthia annulans (longhorn beetle), Chlorophorus trifasciatus (wasp beetle), Barbary Nut.

Faro de Camarinal, Cabo de Gracia, Atlanterra (Cistus study site around lighthouse) 36° 05' 24.5'' N  5° 48' 37.1'' W
Sardinian Warblers numerous in the garrigue around the lighthouse. Three Alpine Swifts were over sea-end of the Sierra de la Plata along with serveral Griffon Vultures. Also Pallid Swift, Black Kite and Nightingale noted. Numerous Iberian Wall Lizards seen while searching for Orthoptera. Nymph of a possible Western Stone Grasshopper (Acinipe hesperica) found. Striking wasp beetle with a reddish thorax later identified at Chlorophorus trifasciatus. Monarch and Small Copper were the only butterflies in the wind.

Atlanterra: beach below west side of lighthouse  36° 05' 33.6" N  05° 48' 41.3" W
More sheltered down below where at least four Monarch butterflies were soaring around and few Spanish Festoons. An unidentified darter dragonfly was too quick around the small stream for identification but the Iberian Water Frogs were still calling. More Common Digging Grasshoppers (Acrotylus insubricus) observed. Large click beetle photographed: Lacon punctatus.

Lacon punctatus © Fraser Simpson

Lacon puntatus, Atlanterra, Andalucía, Spain, April 2023

La Zarzuela: north side of village (Theba study site)  36° 10' 19.1" N  05° 48' 42.5" W
Acrididae nymphs (Chorthippus/Omocestus) abundant in the lush, wide roadside verge bordered by rough beef cattle pasture. Three very large locusts were flying around like small birds, giving soft chirps from Giant Reed. Not approachable at all in the hot sun but getting the binoculars on them revealled them to be Garden Locust (Acanthacris ruficornis). Another Smooth Striped Bush-cricket nymph observed and photographed. Several more seen.

Smooth Striped Bush-cricket (Odontura glabricauda) © Fraser Simpson

Smooth Striped Bush-cricket (Odontura glabricauda), La Zarzuela, Cádiz, Andalucía, Spain, Apr 2023

Zahara de los Atunes: Choni service station
Stopped for ice-cream and water at the fuel station on eastern side of town at Calle María Luisa. Around 10 Cattle Egrets hanging out with cows, with one taking a bath in their drinking trough. Also a White Wagtail here, which never seem to be common in these parts in spring.

 

 

Day 5                                                                                                                        
Monday 10 April 2023
Zahara de los Atunes > Atlanterra > Valle de Ojén
Blue sky, wind 7 mph W, min 13°C, max 25 °C


Highlights
Common Digging Grasshopper, Tawny Pipit, Thekla Lark, Cirl Bunting, Iberian Mantis, Earthling Stone Grasshopper, Southern Scarce Swallowtail, Cleopatra, Queen of Spain Fritillary, Iberian Chiffchaff, Western Bonelli's Warbler.

Atlanterra: beach below west side of lighthouse  36° 05' 33.6" N  05° 48' 41.3" W
Photographed and released some specimens collected here yesterday.

Embalse de Almodovar-Puerto de Ojén
Trackside birds included Tawny Pipit, Thekla Lark, Cirl Bunting, Black Redstart and several Stonechats.

Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales
(Aquarius study site)  36° 08' 55.5" N  05° 34' 56.9" W
Very little wind around the hottest part of the day and I mainly took some shade watching what was passing through the sunny glades on the edge of the Cork, Holm and Portuguese Oaks. Good day for butterflies with Southern Scarce Swallowtail, Spanish Festoon, Cleopatra, Moroccan Orange-tip, Queen of Spain Fritillary, Large Tortoiseshell, Provence Hairstreak, Wall, Speckled Wood, Holly Blue and Painted Lady. Western Bonelli's Warbler, Iberian Chiffchaff, Short-toed Treecreeper and Firecrest were singing.

long-horn moth sp. © Fraser Simpson

long-horn moth sp., Valle de Ojén, Andalucía, Spain, April 2023

 

 

Day 6                                                                                                                              
Tuesday 11 April 2023
Zahara de los Atunes
Blue sky, wind max 12 mph W, min 10°C, max 23°C


Highlights
Woodchat Shrike, Western Dappled White, Green-striped White, Geranium Bronze, Vestal, Trichodes octopunctatus, Red-rumped Swallow, Bee-eater, Kentish Plover, Blue Rock Thrush, Subalpine Warbler, Iberian Yellow Wagtail.

Boardwalk: Castillo de las Almadrabas > Playa de Zahara
Walk at dawn, east along the costal grassland, dune and beach. Four Woodchat Shrike (3 mm/1 f) perched in the Retama brooms, three singing Sardinian Warblers, three singing Corn Buntings and aerial displaying Zitting Cisticola and Crested Lark. Several small groups totalling 36 Cattle Egrets flew west in 20 minutes. At least 38 Spotless Starlings collecting food for nestling, with a few collecting nesting material. A pair of Kentish Plovers were on the beach. Also noted: Barn Swallow (8), Goldfinch (30), House Sparrow (50+), Blackbird (4 mm), Swift sp. (2), Collared Dove (4 singing mm), Feral Pigeon (3) and Yellow-legged Gull (2)

Castillo de las Almadrabas, Zahara de los Atunes
A late morning and mid-afternoon visit to the sandy and flowery castle remains produced several butterflies: Geranium Bronze (1), Western Dappled White (3), Green-striped White (4), Bath White (3), Small White (2), Clouded Yellow (1), Spanish Festoon (1). Also at least 10 Vestal (Rhodometra sacraria), a few Silver Y (Autographa gamma) and some nice beetles including Trichodes octopunctatus. A group of five Red-rumped Swallows arrived in off the sea, flying over the Hotel Gran Sol, followed later by two Bee-eaters.

Vestal (Rhodometra sacraria) © Fraser Simpson

Vestal (Rhodometra sacraria), Zahara de los Atunes, Andalucía, Spain, April 2023

 

Trichodes octopunctatus © Fraser Simpson

Trichodes octopunctatus, Zahara de los Atunes, Andalucía, Spain, April 2023

 

Río del Cachón, Zahara de los Atunes (Zahara estuary)  36° 08' 16.87" N  05° 50' 34.03" W
Walked from the river mouth inland to where it narrows and almost disappears. High tide so not the best time. Highlights were a Crag Martin around the bridge, two Iberian Yellow Wagtails, a female Subalpine Warbler, Blue Rook Thrush and Little Owl on the end of the Sierra de Retin, and a Red-rumped Swallow. Also noted: Little Ringed Plover (1), Cattle Egret (4), Crested Lark (1), Corn Bunting (2 singing males), Stonechat (singing m + female), Goldfinch (11), Sardinian Warbler (singing m), Common Sandpiper (6), Blackbird (2 singing mm), Barn Swallow (12), House Martin (4), Mallard (3 mm), House Sparrow (100+), Spotless Starling (30+), Yellow-legged Gull (4), Collared Dove (4 singing/displaying mm), Kestrel (1), Great Tit (1) and a migrant Song Thrush. Field/Southern Field Crickets heard singing distantly.

 

 

Day 7                                                                                                                              
Wednesday 12 April 2023
Zahara de los Atunes > La Breña de Barbate > Marismas del Barbate
Cloudy at dawn, soon clearing to blue sky, wind max 16mph W, min 12°C, max 21°C


Highlights
Audouin's Gull, Blue Rock Thrush, Spiny-footed Lizard, Desert Sand Grasshopper, Greater Flamingo, Glossy Ibis, Collared Pratincole, Black-winged Stilt, Greater Short-toed Lark, Calandra Lark, Tawny Pipit, Woodchat Shrike.

Playa de la Virgen del Carmen, Zahara de los Atunes
The sea was very quiet between sunrise and breakfast but spent the time observing 23 Sanderling scuttling along the breaking waves and also at times feeding closer in on the drier sand towards the low dunes. Good to sea the dunes roped off to protect nesting Kentish Plovers (3 singles seen from a single vantage point). Two Audouin's Gulls passed by.

La Breña de Barbate: Ruta de los Acantilado  36° 11' 21.2" N  05° 56' 46.2" W
Walked the trail up to the lighthouse (Torre del Tajo) looking for Western Stone Grasshopper (Acinipe hesperica) with no luck, but I was very happy to find several Desert Sand Grasshoppers (Sphingonotus rubescens) on the rocky undercliff area around 36° 10' 50.2" N  05° 58' 02.8" W. Spiny-footed Lizards (Acanthodactylus erythrurus) were abundant, running over sandy ground under the Retama brooms. Blue Rock Thrush, Serin, Sardinian Warbler, Nightingale, Blackcap, Greenfinch, Wren and Great Tit were heard singing.

Desert Sand Grasshopper (Sphingonotus rubescens) © Fraser Simpson

Desert Sand Grasshopper (Sphingonotus rubescens), Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, Andalucía, Spain, April 2023

 

Spiny-footed Lizard (Acanthodactylus erythrurus) © Fraser Simpson

Spiny-footed Lizard (Acanthodactylus erythrurus), Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, Andalucía, Spain, April 2023

 

Marismas del Barbate (south-east side): Itinerario el Cañillo (Km 3.2 on A-2231)  36° 10' 28.6'' N  05° 53' 34.6'' W
Now also known as Camino de los Flamencos. There were no Greater Flamingos in the nearest lagoon though I counted at least 54 (in view) scattered across a wide around but mostly distant. There were good numbers of waders (15 species) though I counted only the following at close range as I did not have my field scope on this trip: Collared Pratincole (191 inc 126 migrants arriving from the south-east), Black-winged Stilt (42), Stone Curlew (1), Little Stint (4), Curlew Sandpiper (1), Dunlin (48), Spotted Redshank (2), Greenshank (1), Ruff (8), Sanderling (4), Kentish Plover (1), Avocet (1), Ringed Plover (21), Grey Plover (4) and Common Sandpiper (1). Other wetland birds included single Glossy Ibis, Spoonbill, Great Egret and Little Egret, as well as 14 Cattle Egret. The surrounding fields held song-flighting Greated Short-toed Lark and Tawny Pipit.

Map of Marismas de Barbate area - where to find birds in April

Map of Barbate showing the river, marshes, lagoons and old saltpans (Marismas del Barbate) © Fraser Simpson

Barbate: map showing the river, marshes, lagoons and old saltpans

 

1. Itinerario el Cañillo: Turn onto the track at km-3.2 on the A-2231. Bald Ibis often at the roadside. Follow through farm buildings to edge of lagoon for Greater Flamingo, waders (inc Collared Pratincole, Black-winged Stilts & Stone Curlew), gulls (inc Slender-billed), terns, egrets, herons & wagtails.

2. Itinerario el Cañillo: Continue for Calandra & Short-toed Lark, Tawny Pipit, Quail, Bee-eater. The tamarisks can hold migrant passerines.

3. Rio Barbate mouth: Turn onto track/rough parking area for gulls (including Audouin's & Mediterranean), terns (including Caspian), and waders.

4. Sports Stadium: Acess the estuary behind the Estadio Municipal de Deportes (off Avenida Joaquín Blume) for best view of the main channel with waders (inc Marsh Sandpiper in 2008), gulls, terns (inc Lesser Crested in 2007 & 2019), herons, egrets, wheatears, wagtails and hirundines

 

 

Day 8                                                                                                                              
Thursday 13 April 2023
Zahara de los Atunes > La Breña de Barbate
Blue sky, wind max 9 mph W, min 12°C, max 21°C


Highlights
Western Stone Grasshopper, Desert Sand Grasshopper, Spiny-footed Lizard, Blue Rock Thrush, Red-rumped Swallow, Pallid Swift, Peregrine, Griffon Vulture, Little Tern, Cleopatra.

Hotel Gran Sol, Zahara de los Atunes
06:40 Barn Swallow started singing; 07:10 House Sparrows started singing and calling; 07:53 sunrise.

Playa de la Virgen del Carmen, Zahara de los Atunes
Quick look after breakfast. Three Little Terns flew east, at least 10 Gannets were diving offshore, and 20 Sanderling were feeding along the breaking waves.

Drive: Zahara > Barbate
Five Griffon Vultures circling, 40+ Cattle Egrets in the lush, green (at this time of year anyway) coastal grassland, and six Pallid Swifts over the port.

La Breña de Barbate: Ruta de los Acantilado  36° 11' 21.2" N  05° 56' 46.2" W
Walked the trail up to the lighthouse (Torre del Tajo) looking for Western Stone Grasshopper (Acinipe hesperica) but after two hours I needed to return to check on the lavender study group. Turning around I checked the last trackside rock face and sitting there was what looked like an 8cm prehistoric monster: a female Western Stone Grasshopper. Found a few Desert Sand Grasshoppers too. A Blue Rock Thrush was singing from the crowns of several Umbrella Pines, quite some distance from the cliff or coastline. Also singing were Short-toed Treecreeper, Sardinian Warbler, Nightingale, Serin, Greenfinch, Blackcap, Blackbird and Wren. A Peregrine, Kestrel and Yellow-legged Gulls were active around the higher cliff edges.

Western Stone Grasshopper (Acinipe hesperica) © Fraser Simpson

Western Stone Grasshopper (Acinipe hesperica), Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, Andalucía, Spain, April 2023

 

Western Stone Grasshopper (Acinipe hesperica) © Fraser Simpson

Western Stone Grasshopper (Acinipe hesperica), Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, Andalucía, Spain, April 2023

 

Andalusina Dutch's Pipe (Aristolochia baetica) © Fraser Simpson

Andalusian Dutchman's Pipe (Aristolochia baetica), Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, Andalucía, Spain, April 2023

 

 

Day 9                                                                                                                              
Friday 14 April 2023
Zahara de los Atunes > Marismas del Barbate > La Barca de Vejer > La Janda >  Benalup > Marismas del Barbate
Another day of blue skies...


Highlights
Hoopoe, Northern Bald Ibis, Lesser Kestrel, Great Reed Warbler, Purple Swamphen, Melodious Warbler, Vagrant Emperor, Egyptian Grasshopper, Glossy Ibis, Black-crowned Night Heron, Caspian Tern, Slender-billed Gull.

Marismas del Barbate (south-east side): Itinerario el Cañillo (Km 3.2 on A-2231)  36° 10' 28.6'' N  05° 53' 34.6'' W
Short, extraciricular bird tour with some of the students to see the flamingos. Over 100 Greater Flamingos scattered across the area in small groups. At least 60 Collared Pratincoles present as well as five Shelduck which I think is the first time I've seen this species in April in southern Spain. Also noted: Black-winged Stilt (30+), Spoonbill (1), Little Egret (6), Little Stint (2), Dunlin (40+), Sanderling (5), Common Sandpiper (1), Greenshank (1). A Whimbrel was later seen from the bridge over the Río Barbate and at least 10 Pallid Swifts were over the town. On the drive to La Barca the first Hoopoe of the trip flew over (and my first for four years, after a 22 year unbroken record of seeing them annually) near La Ribera de la Oliva.

La Barca de Vejer  36° 15' 17.5'' N  05° 57' 29.5'' W
Quick look at the nesting Northern Bald Ibises. Eleven nests were occupied on the cliff at the viewing point immediately next to the village. Difficult to tell whether incubating or brooding but one bird did fly in and regurgitate food to a nestling that was probably less that week old. The roles of these adult birds reversed as the brooding ibis flew off to forage. Another ledge had a single, unattended egg. The Jackdaws were as cheeky as usual, trying to steal ibis nesting material or having a quick peck at the sitting birds' tails. Also heard singing around the watchpoint: Nightingale, Sardinian Warbler and Cetti's Warbler.

La Janda (Km-47 entrance on N-34-Canal Colector del Este)   36º 13' 12.2'' N  05º 47' 5.4'' W
The Canal Colector del Este (Río Almodóvar) is mostly fringed with Phragmites and some mud, depending on water levels. The first four kilometres (from the eastern access track opposite the Zahara road end) offer the best visibility, after which the reeds get quite high. However, this track is probably not passable in a normal hire car from the Zahara de los Atunes road-end entrance. Today I entered from Km-47 on the N-340. No water remained from the winter rains and many fields were already tilled for rice cultivation. This was probably my most disappointing visit here ever. Best were a single Purple Swamphen, a Lesser Kestrel and a pair of Spanish Sparrows. Also of interest were singing Reed, Great Reed, Cetti's and Melodious Warblers, Woodchat Shrike, Collared Pratincole, and a pair of Tawny Owls calling from neighbouring Eucalyptus trees in broad daylight. A Vagrant Emperor was seen along the main channel as well as a few Egyptian Grasshoppers on the track. Best bird was the Black-winged Kite near the dehesa patch on the hill.

Oxbow/pool near Benalup  36° 18' 10.0'' N  5° 47' 47.1'' W
The small pool of water here held a better concentration of birds than could be seen at the much larger expanse of La Janda with Black-crowned Night Heron (1), Spoonbill (9), Glossy Ibis (1), Black-winged Stilt (4), Marsh Harrier (f), Red-rumped Swallow (2), Moorhen (2), Zitting Cisticola (singing) and Mallard (6).

Marshes view from behind the sports stadium  36° 11' 45.7'' N  05° 54' 40.9'' W
This vantage point allows an alternative view on the west side of the Río Barbate. The nearest lagoon was almost dry and devoid of birds. More distant were three Caspian Terns, three Slender-billed Gulls and three Spoonbills out around the main river channel. Other waders in view included Whimbrel (5), Grey Plover (11), Greenshank (4), Dunlin (200+) and Ringed Plover (100+).

 

 

 

Day 10                                                                                                                              
Saturday 15 April 2023
Zahara de los Atunes > Marismas del Barbate
Another day of blue skies...


Highlights
Subalpine Warbler, Black-eared Wheatear, Spectacled Warbler, Red-rumped Swallow, Whiskered Tern, Short-toed Eagle, Griffon Vulture, Glossy Ibis, Collared Pratincole, Greater Flamingo, Hoopoe, Spanish Terrapin, Garden Locust.

Boardwalk: Castillo de las Almadrabas > Playa de Zahara
Walk at dawn, east along the costal grassland, dune and beach. A Spectacled Warbler was singing from low, dry patchy scrub behind the low dune, c200 metres east of the castle. I've never heard them here before so wonder if it was a migrant or breeding attempt. Other evidence of passerine migration did include a male Black-eared Wheatear, a male Subalpine Warbler and two Yellow Wagtails over. A new breeding colony of Cattle Egrets was found between Hotel Antonio and the dunes, in stands of Giant Reeds. Around 70 birds were present including 20 or so collecting nesting material from the dunes. A Red-rumped Swallow was over the castle on the return walk.

Marismas del Barbate (south-east side): Itinerario el Cañillo (Km 3.2 on A-2231)  36° 10' 28.6'' N  05° 53' 34.6'' W
A good hour here in the morning produced some nice birds with 15 Whiskered Terns arriving from the east, Greater Flamingo (129), Collared Pratincole (100+), Northern Bald Ibis (5), Short-toed Eagle, Griffon Vulture (16), Osprey, Little Tern (4), Avocet (26), Curlew Sandpiper (15), Spotted Redshank, Stone Curlew and Greater Short-toed Lark.

Río Barbate (river mouth)
A quick look here produced small numbers of waders including a Turnstone and pair of Kentish Plovers. A flock of 29 Glossy Ibis arriving in off the sea looked stunning in the glorious light. Another Bald Ibis was the town and Pallid Swifts provided nice views. On the drive inland on the A-314 another (or the same) Hoopoe flew over the road near La Ribera de la Oliva. Perhaps it is flying between a nest and a feeding area?

Sendero Marismas del Barbate (Marisma Alta)  36° 14' 01.5'' N  5° 56' 46.8'' W
Accessed from Km 2.2 on the A-314 La Barca de Vejer-Barbate road. As dry as ever, except for a very small ditch crowded with Spanish Terrapins and a single Glossy Ibis, while another flew over. Cetti's Warbler, Zitting Cisticola and Corn Bunting were singing. Quite a few orthopterns were sitting on the tracks but jumping or flying quickly away: Egyptian Grasshopper (3), Lamenting Grasshopper (3), Garden Locust (4) and singing Field Crickets. When I returned to Zahara at 13:15 it was choc-o-block and had to park half a mile from the hotel. Another Garden Locust was seen flying between stands of Giant Reed.

Egyptian Grasshopper (Anacridium aegyptium),Marismas del Barbate, Andalucía, Spain, April 2023 © Fraser Simpson

Egyptian Grasshopper (Anacridium aegyptium), Marismas del Barbate, Andalucía, Spain, April 2023

 

Zahara de los Atunes
Recorded some crickets around the castle at midnight.... Acheta or Gryllus ?

 

 

Day 11                                                                                                                              
Sunday 16 April 2023
Zahara de los Atunes > Tarifa > Algeciras > Malaga
Blue sky, wind 24 mph ENE, 14°C, max 23°C


Zahara de los Atunes
Departure day. Photographed a Brown-headed Grasshopper/Garden Locust (Acanthacris ruficornis citrina).

Brown-headed Grasshopper/Garden Locust (Acanthacris ruficornis citrina) © Fraser Simpson

Brown-headed Grasshopper/Garden Locust (Acanthacris ruficornis citrina), Zahara de los Atunes, Andalucía, Spain, April 2023

 

Brown-headed Grasshopper/Garden Locust (Acanthacris ruficornis citrina) © Fraser Simpson

Brown-headed Grasshopper/Garden Locust (Acanthacris ruficornis citrina), Zahara de los Atunes, Andalucía, Spain, April 2023

 

 

 

 

 

Systematic List

Zahara de los Atunes & Costa de la Luz  6-16 April 2023 [sound recordings from various years]


 

Common Shelduck  Tadorna tadorna

5, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

 

Mallard  Anas platyrhynchos

20+, Embalse de Almodovar, 7-Apr

3 mm, Río del Cachón (Zahara estuary), 11-Apr

pr, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

pr, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

4 mm/2 ff, oxbow/pool near Benalup, 14-Apr

pr, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

 

Red-legged Partridge  Alectoris rufa

pr, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

 

 Red-legged Partridge  Alectoris rufa

Sonogram of Red-legged Partridge calls

La Janda, Andalucia, Spain  36º 13' 49.5'' N  5º 51' 27.0'' W  5 April 2016

Clucking calls from males following a female.

[File name: redleggedpartridgeLS113462ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


     

Sonogram of Red-legged Partridge calls

La Janda, Andalucia, Spain  36º 13' 49.5'' N  5º 51' 27.0'' W  5 April 2016

Calls from a bird in flight.

[File name: redleggedpartridgeLS113465e] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Common Quail  Coturnix coturnix

None heard in 2023.

 

Pheasant  Phasianus  colchicus

2 crowing mm, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

 

Balearic Shearwater  Puffinus mauretanicus

None seen in 2023.

 

Northern Gannet  Morus bassanus

12, Atlanterra, 8-Apr

10+, Playa de Zahara at Hotel Gran Sol, 13-Apr

1, offshore, Río Barbate mouth, 15-Apr

 

Night Heron  Nycticorax nycticorax

1, oxbow/pool near Benalup, 14-Apr

 

Great Cormorant  Phalacrocorax carbo

1, behind Estadio Municipal de Deportes/Avenida Joaquín Blume, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

 

Cattle Egret  Bubulcus ibis

Noted in most areas of grazed pasture.

45+, Malaga-Tarifa-Zahara, 6-Apr

6, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 7-Apr

20+, flew west at dawn from roost site, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 8-Apr

10+, Zahara de los Atunes, 9-Apr

36, flew W/NW at dawn from roost site, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 11-Apr

3, over Castillo de la Almadrabas, 11-Apr

3, over, Río del Cachón (Zahara estuary), 11-Apr.

14, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

1, over Playa de Zahara at Hotel Gran Sol, 13-Apr

None nesting at the river, La Barca de Vejer, 14-Apr

51+, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

c70, nesting in Giant Reed stands, Playa de Zahara, 15-Apr

24, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

 

 Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis) © Fraser Simpson

Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis) flying into the nesting colony at dawn

 

 Cattle Egret  Bubulcus ibis

 Sonogram of breeding calls from a Cattle Egret breeding colony

La Janda, Andalucia, Spain  12 April 2013

Breeding calls from incubating birds in a large heronry.

[File name: cattleegretLS110645ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

 Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis) © Fraser Simpson

Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis)

 

Little Egret  Egretta garzetta

Small numbers daily in areas of freshwater around Zahara, Barbate and La Janda.

1, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

6, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

1, Río Barbate mouth, 14-Apr

2, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

1, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

1, Río Barbate mouth, 15-Apr

 

Little Egret (Egretta garzetta) © Fraser Simpson

Little Egret (Egretta garzetta), Río del Cachón, Zahara estuary

 

 

Little Egret  Egretta garzetta 

 Sonogram of breeding calls from a Little Egret breeding colony

La Janda, Andalucia, Spain  12 April 2013

Breeding calls from incubating birds in a large heronry.

[File name: littleegretLS1106484ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Little Egret (Egretta garzetta) drawing © Fraser Simpson

Great Egret  Casmerodius albus

1, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

 

Great Egret (Casmerodius albus) © Fraser Simpson

Great Egret (Casmerodius albus), Marismas del Barbate

 

Grey Heron  Ardea cinerea

1, Malaga-Tarifa-Zahara, 6-Apr

1, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

 

White Stork  Ciconia ciconia

7, Malaga-Tarifa-Zahara, 6-Apr

2, Zahara-Facinas, 7-Apr

2 AON, Zahora, 8-Apr

2, first 500 metres of trail, Sendero Marismas del Barbate (Marisma Alta), 15-Apr.

 

Glossy Ibis  Plegadis falcinellus

6, over Los Lances, Malaga-Tarifa-Zahara, 6-Apr

1, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

1, oxbow/pool near Benalup, 14-Apr

29, over Río Barbate mouth, 15-Apr

2, first 500 metres of trail, Sendero Marismas del Barbate (Marisma Alta), 15-Apr.

 

Glossy Ibis (Plegadis falcinellus) © Fraser SimpsonGlossy Ibis (Plegadis falcinellus), La Barca de Vejer

 

Glossy Ibis  Plegadis falcinellus

 Sonogram of calls from a Glossy Ibis

Marismas del Barbate, Andalucia, Spain  36º 14' 24.6'' N  5º 56' 53.5'' W  3 April 2012  1700h

Calls from a Glossy Ibis taking flight in windy conditons along with a Mallard.

[File name: glossyibis0403170030e] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Northern Bald Ibis  Geronticus eremita

11 AON with birds incubating/brooding, La Barca de Vejer, 14-Apr

One adult returned and regurgitated food to very young nestling.

5, over El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

1, over Río Barbate mouth, 15-Apr

 

Northern Bald Ibis (Geronticus eremita) © Fraser Simpson

Northern Bald Ibis (Geronticus eremita), La Barca de Vejer

 

Northern Bald Ibis (Geronticus eremita) © Fraser Simpson

Jackdaw attempting to steal twigs from Northern Bald Ibis nest

 

Eurasian Spoonbill  Platalea leucorodia

1, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

1, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

9, oxbow/pool near Benalup, 14-Apr

3, behind Estadio Municipal de Deportes/Avenida Joaquín Blume, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

3, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

 

Greater Flamingo  Phoenicopterus roseus

54, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

100+, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

3, behind Estadio Municipal de Deportes/Avenida Joaquín Blume, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

129, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

 

Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus) © Fraser Simpson

Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus), Marismas de Barbate

 

 Greater Flamingo  Phoenicopterus roseus

  Sonogram of Greater Flamingo calls in flight

Marismas del Barbate, Andalucia, Spain  36° 10' 28.6" N  05° 53' 34.6" W  18 April 2019

Grunt calls from a Greater Flamingo in flight.

[File name: greaterflamingo115925ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Eurasian Griffon Vulture  Gyps fulvus

Regularly seen from Zahara over Sierra de Retín & Sierra de la Plata.

9, Malaga-Tarifa-Zahara, 6-Apr

2, Zahara-Facinas, 7-Apr

2, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 7-Apr

4, Faro de Camarinal, Cabo de Gracia, 9-Apr

1, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

5, Zahara-Barbate, 13-Apr

16, over El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

 

Eurasian Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus) © Fraser Simpson

Eurasian Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus), Sierra de la Plata

 

Short-toed Eagle  Circaetus gallicus

1, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 10-Apr

1, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

 

Booted Eagle  Aquila pennata

3, Malaga-Tarifa-Zahara, 6-Apr

1, Atlanterra, 9-Apr

 

Black Kite  Milvus migrans

14, Malaga-Tarifa-Zahara, 6-Apr

1, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 7-Apr

16, in off the sea in 15 mins, Atlanterra, 8-Apr

Migrants arriving, Faro de Camarinal, Cabo de Gracia, 8-Apr

Noted all along the road between Atlanterra and Conil, 8-Apr

2, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 8-Apr

2, Faro de Camarinal, Cabo de Gracia, 9-Apr

 

Black-winged Kite  Elanus caeruleus

1, La Janda, 14-Apr

 

Western Marsh Harrier  Circus aeruginosus

f, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

f, oxbow/pool near Benalup, 14-Apr

 

Montagu's Harrier  Circus pygargus

2, Zahara-Facinas, 7-Apr

 

Common Buzzard  Buteo buteo

1, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 10-Apr

 

Osprey  Pandion haliaetus

1, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

 

Eurasian Sparrowhawk  Accipiter nisus

1 m, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 10-Apr

 

Common Kestrel  Falco tinnunculus

1, Malaga Airport, 6-Apr

3, Common/Lesser, Malaga-Tarifa-Zahara, 6-Apr

1, Faro de Camarinal, Cabo de Gracia, 8-Apr

1, Río del Cachón (Zahara estuary), 11-Apr

1, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 13-Apr

1, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

 

Lesser Kestrel  Falco naumanni

1, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

 

Lesser Kestrel (Falco naumanni) © Fraser Simpson

Lesser Kestrels (Falco naumanni), Tarifa

 

Lesser Kestrel  Falco naumanni

 Sonogram of Lesser Kestrel calls

Tarifa, Andalucia, Spain  51° 39' 29.9" N  0° 02' 43.9" W  5 April 2016

Two call types from a male returning to the nest with a lizard shortly before the female had departed: repeated high-pitched 3 and 4 element phrases and single and double harsh screeches.

[File name: lesserkestrelLS113455e] Click here for the MP3 file


 Lesser Kestrel (Falco naumanni) © Fraser Simpson

Lesser Kestrel (Falco naumanni), Tarifa

 

Peregrine Falcon  Falco peregrinus

1, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 13-Apr

 

Common Moorhen  Gallinula chloropus

1, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

2, oxbow/pool near Benalup, 14-Apr

2, first 500 metres of trail, Sendero Marismas del Barbate (Marisma Alta), 15-Apr.

 

Purple Swamphen  Porphyrio porphyrio

1, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

 

Purple Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio) © Fraser Simpson

Purple Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio) La Janda

 

 Purple Swamphen  Porphrio porphyrio 

 Sonogram of Purple Swamphen calls

La Janda, Andalucia, Spain  12 April 2013

Calls (at 1.2 and 10.8 seconds) from a pair in the Canal Colector del Este.

[File name: purpleswamphenLS110621ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Eurasian Stone-curlew  Burhinus eodicnemus

1, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

1, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

 

 Stone-curlew  Burhinus oedicnemus

Sonogram of Stone-curlew flight call

Marismas del Barbate, Andalucia, Spain  36° 10' 28.6" N  05° 53' 34.6" W  17 April 2015

Single call from a bird passing in flight.

[File name: stonecurlewLS113282e] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Black-winged Stilt  Himantopus himantopus

42, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

30+, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

4, oxbow/pool near Benalup, 14-Apr

2, behind Estadio Municipal de Deportes/Avenida Joaquín Blume, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

3, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

 

Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus) © Fraser Simpson

 

Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus) © Fraser SimpsonBlack-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus) Marismas del Barbate

 

Black-winged Stilt  Himantopus himantopus

 Sonogram of Black-winged Stilt territorial calls

Marismas del Barbate, Andalucia, Spain  36º 14' 24.6'' N  5º 56' 53.5'' W  9 April 2018

Calls from two pairs disputing territory.

[File name: blackwingedstilt114885ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


     

Sonogram of Black-winged Stilt flight calls

Marismas del Barbate, Andalucia, Spain  36º 14' 24.6'' N  5º 56' 53.5'' W  3 April 2012  1909h

Calls from a bird in flight over probable breeding site.

[File name: blackwingedstilt0403190950ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Pied Avocet  Recurvirostra avosetta

1, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

26, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

 

Collared Pratincole  Glareola pratincola

186, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

60+, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

2, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

100+, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

 

Collared Pratincole (Glareola pratincola) © Fraser Simpson

Collared Pratincole (Glareola pratincola) Marismas del Barbate

 

Collared Pratincole (Glareola pratincola) © Fraser Simpson

Collared Pratincole (Glareola pratincola) Marismas del Barbate

 

 

 Collared Pratincole  Glareola pratincola

 Sonogram of Collared Pratincole flight calls

La Janda, Andalucia, Spain  36º 13' 49.5'' N  5º 51' 27.0'' W  4 April 2012  1307h

Flights calls from a migrant party of 22 birds settling over a ploughed field.

[File name: collaredpratincole0404130729ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Little Ringed Plover  Charadrius dubius

1, Río del Cachón (Zahara estuary), 11-Apr

 

Ringed Plover  Charadrius hiaticula

21, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

100+, behind Estadio Municipal de Deportes/Avenida Joaquín Blume, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

103, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

 

Ringed Plover (Charadrius hiaticula) © Fraser Simpson

Ringed Plover (Charadrius hiaticula) Marismas de Barbate

 

 Ringed Plover  Charadrius hiaticula

 Sonogram of Ringed Plover calls in flight

Marismas del Barbate, Andalucia, Spain  36° 10' 28.6" N  05° 53' 34.6" W  17 April 2019

Calls from Ringed Plovers in flight.

[File name: ringedplover115901ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Kentish Plover  Charadrius alexandrinus

pr, Playa de Zahara, 11-Apr

3, Playa de Zahara at Hotel Gran Sol, 12-Apr

1, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

5, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

pr, Río Barbate mouth, 15-Apr

 

Kentish Plover (Charadrius alexandrinus) © Fraser Simpson

Kentish Plover (Charadrius alexandrinus) Bolonia

 

 Kentish Plover  Charadrius alexandrinus

Sonogram of Kentish Plover alarm calls

Marismas del Barbate, Andalucia, Spain  36° 10' 28.6" N  05° 53' 34.6" W  18 April 2019

Alarm calls from female Kentish Plover before distraction display.

[File name: kentishplover115918ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


     

Sonogram of Kentish Plover

Río del Cachón, Zahara estuary, Andalucia, Spain  36° 08' 16.3" N  05° 50' 57.4" W  16 April 2015

Calls from a pair, possibly in alarm.

[File name: kentishploverLS113228e] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Grey Plover  Pluvialis squatarola

4, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

11, behind Estadio Municipal de Deportes/Avenida Joaquín Blume, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

 

Sanderling  Calidris alba

23, Playa de Zahara at Hotel Gran Sol, 12-Apr

4, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

20+, Playa de Zahara at Hotel Gran Sol, 13-Apr

5, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

14, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

2, Río Barbate mouth, 15-Apr

 

Sanderling (Calidris alba) © Fraser Simpson

Sanderling (Calidris alba) Marismas del Barbate

 

Sanderling (Calidris alba) drawing © Fraser Simpson

 

Black-tailed Godwit  Limosa limosa

13, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

 

Whimbrel  Numenius phaeopus

1, Río Barbate mouth, 14-Apr

5, behind Estadio Municipal de Deportes/Avenida Joaquín Blume, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

 

Whimbrel (Nunmenius phaeopus) © Fraser Simpson

Whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus) Marismas del Barbate

 

Curlew  Numenius arquata

1, behind Estadio Municipal de Deportes/Avenida Joaquín Blume, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

 

Curlew Sandpiper  Calidris ferruginea

1, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

25, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

 

Dunlin  Calidris alpina

48, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

40+, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

200+, behind Estadio Municipal de Deportes/Avenida Joaquín Blume, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

1, Río Barbate mouth, 15-Apr

 

Ruff  Philomachus pugnax

4, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

 

Little Stint  Calidris minuta

4, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

2, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

2, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

 

Common Sandpiper  Actitis hypoleucos

1, Playa de Entre Dos Torres, Atlanterra, 8-Apr

6, Río del Cachón (Zahara estuary), 11-Apr.

1, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

1, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

2, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

1, Río Barbate mouth, 15-Apr

 

Spotted Redshank  Tringa erythropus

1, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

1, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

 

Common Redshank  Tringa totanus

1, behind Estadio Municipal de Deportes/Avenida Joaquín Blume, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

3, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

 

Common Greenshank  Tringa nebularia

1, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

1, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

2, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

4, behind Estadio Municipal de Deportes/Avenida Joaquín Blume, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

 

Green Sandpiper  Tringa ochropus

1, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

 

Ruddy Turnstone  Arenaria interpres

1, Río Barbate mouth, 15-Apr

 

Black-headed Gull  Chroicocephalus ridibundusi

1, behind Estadio Municipal de Deportes/Avenida Joaquín Blume, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

 

Slender-billed Gull  Chroicocephalus genei

3, behind Estadio Municipal de Deportes/Avenida Joaquín Blume, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

 

Yellow-legged Gull  Larus michahellis

Common, Malaga-Tarifa-Zahara, 6-Apr

Noted, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 6-Apr

Several hundred flying east, Atlanterra, 8-Apr

4, Río del Cachón (Zahara estuary), 11-Apr

4, Playa de Zahara at Hotel Gran Sol, 12-Apr

3, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

Many along the coast, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 13-Apr

20+, behind Estadio Municipal de Deportes/Avenida Joaquín Blume, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

Noted, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 15-Apr

50+, offshore, Río Barbate mouth, 15-Apr

 

 Yellow-legged Gull  Larus michahellis

 Sonogram of Yellow-legged Gull alarm call in flight

Marismas del Barbate, Andalucia, Spain  36° 10' 28.6" N  05° 53' 34.6" W  18 April 2019

Alarm calls from a pair of Yellow-legged Gulls circling overhead.

Single nasal calls composed of harmonic elements.

[File name: yellowleggedgull115913cut2] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Lesser Black-backed Gull  Larus fuscus

1, Atlanterra, 8-Apr

 

Audouin's Gull  Larus audouinii

2, Playa de Zahara at Hotel Gran Sol, 12-Apr

 

Audouin's Gull  Larus audouinii

Sonogram of Audouin's Gull calls

Marismas del Barbate, Andalucia, Spain  36° 10' 28.6" N  05° 53' 34.6" W  18 April 2019

Calls, just audible above the wind and pratincoles, from Audouin's Gull on an island in a large lagoon.

Much lower pitched than Yellow-legged Gull.

[File name: audouinsgull115916ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Mediterranean Gull  Ichthyaetus melanocephalus

1, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

 

Sandwich Tern  Sterna sandvicensis

2 E, Atlanterra, 8-Apr

 

Little Tern  Sternula albifrons

3 E, Playa de Zahara at Hotel Gran Sol, 13-Apr

4, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

 

Gull-billed Tern  Gelochelidon nilotica

2 NW, Cabo de Gracia, 8-Apr

 

 Gull-billed Tern  Gelochelidon nilotica

Sonogram of Gull-billed Tern calls

La Janda, Andalucia, Spain  36° 14' 44.8" N  05° 50' 7.1" W  9 April 2018

Calls from birds hawking over old flooded rice paddies.

[File name: gullbilledtern114868e] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Caspian Tern  Hydroprogne caspia

3, behind Estadio Municipal de Deportes/Avenida Joaquín Blume, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

 

Whiskered Tern  Childonias hybrida

15, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

 

Rock Dove/Feral Pigeon  Columba livia/C. livia domesticated

Noted, Malaga-Tarifa-Zahara, 6-Apr

2, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 7-Apr

Noted, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 8-Apr

3, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

Common, La Barca de Vejer, 14-Apr

 

Wood Pigeon  Columba palumbus

Noted, Malaga-Tarifa-Zahara, 6-Apr

1 displaying, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

1, first 500 metres of trail, Sendero Marismas del Barbate (Marisma Alta), 15-Apr.

 

Collared Dove  Streptopelia decaocto

Noted, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 6-Apr

Singing m, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 7-Apr

Noted, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 8-Apr

Singing m, Atlanterra, 8-Apr

4 singing mm, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 11-Apr

1 singing m, Castillo de la Almadrabas, 11-Apr

1 singing m/4 aerial displays, Río del Cachón (Zahara estuary), 11-Apr

Noted, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

Noted, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 15-Apr

 

European Turtle Dove  Streptopelia turtur

None seen or heard in 2023.

 

Common Cuckoo  Cuculus canorus

1 singing m, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 10-Apr

 

Little Owl  Athene noctua

1, Río del Cachón (Zahara estuary), 11-Apr.

 

Tawny Owl  Strix aluco

pr vocalising in adjacent Eucalyptus trees, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

 

Common Swift  Apus apus

30+ NW, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 7-Apr

 

Pallid Swift  Apus pallidus

5, Faro de Camarinal, Cabo de Gracia, 9-Apr

2, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 11-Apr

6, over port, Barbate, 13-Apr

4, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 13-Apr

101, Río Barbate mouth, 14-Apr

5, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

2, Río Barbate mouth, 15-Apr

 

Alpine Swift  Apus melba

4, Faro de Camarinal, Cabo de Gracia, 9-Apr

2, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 10-Apr

 

Little Swift  Apus affinus.

None seen this year.

 

Common Kingfisher  Alcedo atthis

1, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 7-Apr

 

Common Kingfisher  Alcedo atthis

 Sonogram of Kingfisher calls

Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, Andalucia, Spain  39° 13' 00.7" N  26° 14' 30.2" W  8 Apr 2018

Calls from a bird flying along an Alder-lined stream. Composed of single, sharp, downslurred 'dog whistle-like' piercing element at 4.9-6.6kHz.

[File name: kingfisher114798e] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Eurasian Hoopoe  Upupa epops

1, near La Rivera de la Oliva, 14-Apr

1, near La Rivera de la Oliva, 15-Apr

 

Eurasian Hoopoe (Upupa epops) drawing © Fraser Simpson

 

European Bee-eater  Merops apiaster

3, Zahara-Facinas, 7-Apr

Several groups of 20+ moving north, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 7-Apr

31, flew NW, Casa la Palmera, Conil de la Frontera, 8-Apr

2, over Hotel Gran Sol, Zahara, 11-Apr

 

 European Bee-eater  Merops apiaster

 Sonogram of European Bee-eater calls

Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales, Andalucia, Spain  36° 08' 59.4" N   05° 35' 00.6" W  9 Apr 2011, 1533h

Calls from a small feeding party.

[File name: beeeater110409153355e] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Great Spotted Woodpecker  Dendrocopus major

1 calling, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 10-Apr

 

 Great Spotted Woodpecker  Dendrocopus major

   Sonogram of drumming Great Spotted Woodpecker

Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales, Andalucia, Spain  36º 08' 52.0'' N  05º 35' 01.2'' W  15 Apr 2010  1228h

Territorial drumming on mature Cork Oak; 15-17 taps in each 0.80-0.85 second roll (up to 11 rolls per minute).

[File name: gswoodpecker0415122847ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Eurasian Skylark  Alauda arvensis

1, over calling, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

 

Crested Lark  Galerida cristata

Common in many habitats.

Noted almost everywhere including Zahara, La Zarzuela, El Almarchal, Facinas, La Janda, Benalup, Barbate, Los Caños de Meca, El Palmar, Bolonia.

Singing, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 7-Apr

Noted, Casa la Palmera, Conil de la Frontera, 8-Apr

1 singing m, east side of La Zarzuela, 9-Apr

1 singing m, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 11-Apr

1, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

1 singing m, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

5 singing mm, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

pr + singing m, behind Estadio Municipal de Deportes/Avenida Joaquín Blume, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

1 singing m, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 15-Apr

2 singing m, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

1 singing m, Río Barbate mouth, 15-Apr

 

Crested Lark (Galerida cristata) © Fraser Simpson

Crested Lark (Galerida cristata), Zahara de los Atunes

 

Thekla Lark  Galerida theklae

1, Embalse de Almodovar-Puerto de Ojén, 10-Apr

 

Woodlark  Lullula arborea

1 singing m, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 10-Apr

 

Greater Short-toed Lark  Calandrella brachydactyla

2 singing mm, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

1 singing m, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

 

Greater Short-toed Lark  Calandrella brachydactyla 

Sonogram of Greater Short-toed Lark song

Marismas del Barbate, Andalucia, Spain  36° 10' 28.6" N  05° 53' 34.6" W  17 April 2015

Territorial/advertising 'short' song uttered in flight composed of one to second phrases of 'dry' warbles, often preceeded by a longer, more 'musical' element.

[File name: greatershorttoedlarkLS113275ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


     

Sonogram of Calandra Lark perched song

Marismas del Barbate, Andalucia, Spain  36° 10' 28.6" N  05° 53' 34.6" W  17 April 2015

Short, soft 'chip' calls uttered in flight.

[File name: greatershorttoedlarkLS113277e] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Calandra Lark  Melanocorypha calandra

Noted, Tarifa-Zahara, 6-Apr

1 singing m, east side of La Zarzuela, 9-Apr

1 singing m, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

 

Calandra Lark  Melanocorypha calandra

  Sonogram of Calandra Lark aerial song

Marismas del Barbate, Andalucia, Spain  36° 10' 28.6" N  05° 53' 34.6" W  17 April 2015

Territorial/advertising song; continuous, melodious outpouring produced in display flight over coastal grassland.

Contains mimicry from several species.

[File name: calandralarkLS113287ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


     

Sonogram of Calandra Lark perched song

Marismas del Barbate, Andalucia, Spain  36° 10' 28.6" N  05° 53' 34.6" W  16 April 2015

Territorial/advertising song from a perched bird; varied output of clear, strident/piercing whistles with occasional chirps and wheezes.

[File name: calandralarkLS113254ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


     

 Sonogram of Calandra Lark calls

Marismas del Barbate, Abdalucia, Spain  36° 10' 28.6" N  05° 53' 34.6" W  16 April 2015

Calls from a bird in flight. Two types: shrill tree elements followed by rolling, electrical-like buzzes.

[File name: calandralarkLS113260e] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Sand Martin  Riparia riparia

None seen in 2023.

 

Eurasian Crag Martin  Ptyonprogne rupestris

1, Río del Cachón (Zahara estuary), 11-Apr

 

Barn Swallow  Hirundo rustica

Noted, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 6-Apr

10+, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 7-Apr

Arriving in off the sea, Atlanterra, 8-Apr

8, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 11-Apr

12, Río del Cachón (Zahara estuary), 11-Apr.

4, Playa de Zahara at Hotel Gran Sol, 12-Apr

15, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

First song 06:40, Hotel Gran Sol, Zahara, 13-Apr

4, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

2, behind Estadio Municipal de Deportes/Avenida Joaquín Blume, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

11, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 15-Apr

2, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

2, Río Barbate mouth, 15-Apr

2, first 500 metres of trail, Sendero Marismas del Barbate (Marisma Alta), 15-Apr.

 

Red-rumped Swallow  Cecropis daurica

1, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 7-Apr

5, in off the sea, Castillo de la Almadrabas, 11-Apr

1, Río del Cachón (Zahara estuary), 11-Apr.

2, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 13-Apr

2, oxbow/pool near Benalup, 14-Apr

1, Castillo de la Almadrabas, 15-Apr

 

House Martin  Delichon urbicum

1, Malaga Airport, 6-Apr

Noted, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 6-Apr

10+, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 7-Apr

20+, Faro de Camarinal, Cabo de Gracia, 9-Apr

4, Río del Cachón (Zahara estuary), 11-Apr

4, Playa de Zahara at Hotel Gran Sol, 12-Apr

 

House Martin (Delichon urbicum) © Fraser Simpson

House Martin (Delichon urbicum), Zahara de los Atunes

 

Tawny Pipit  Anthus campestris

1, Embalse de Almodovar-Puerto de Ojén, 10-Apr

1 singing m, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

 

  Tawny Pipit  Anthus campestris

Sonogram of Tawny Pipit song

Marismas del Barbate, Andalucia, Spain  36° 10' 28.6" N  05° 53' 34.6" W  17 April 2019

Territorial/advertising song uttered in songflight display over grassland bordering muddy lagoons.

Simple song composed of a repeated complex but short strophe (chirp followed by tir-lee) comprised of 6-7 elements, 2.0-7.0 kHz.

[File name: tawnypipit115900ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

 

Meadow Pipit  Anthus pratensis

None seen in 2023.

 

Tree Pipit  Anthus trivialis

1, over calling, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

 

White Wagtail  Motacilla alba

1, Zahara de los Atunes, 9-Apr

1, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

3, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

 

Iberian Yellow Wagtail  Motacilla flava iberiae

7, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

5+, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

1 singing m, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

2, behind Estadio Municipal de Deportes/Avenida Joaquín Blume, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

 

Yellow Wagtail  Motacilla flava

1, over Faro de Camarinal, Cabo de Gracia, 9-Apr

2, over Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 15-Apr

 

 Iberian Yellow Wagtail  Motacilla flava iberiae

Sonogram of Iberian Yellow Wagtail song

Marismas del Barbate, Andalucia, Spain  36° 10' 28.6" N  05° 53' 34.6" W  18 April 2019

Territorial/advertising song from male Iberian Yellow Wagtail on the edge of a muddy lagoon.

Simple song composed of a repeated short strophe (up and down slurred screeches) comprised of ~5 elements, 3.8-8.0 kHz.

[File name: iberianyellowwagtail115912ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


     

 Sonogram of Iberian Yellow Wagtail calls

Marismas del Barbate, Andalucia, Spain  36° 10' 28.6" N  05° 53' 34.6" W  17 April 2015

Calls from a perched bird.

[File name: yellowwagtailLS113278ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

European Robin  Erithacus rubecula

Abundant in the Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales, and La Breña de Barbate.

Singing, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 10-Apr

 

Common Nightingale  Luscinia megarhynchos

1 singing m, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 8-Apr

3 singing mm, south side of Atlanterra, 8-Apr

1 singing m, Casa la Palmera, Conil de la Frontera, 8-Apr

1 singing m, Faro de Camarinal, Cabo de Gracia, 9-Apr

2 singing m, south side of Atlanterra, 9-Apr

2 singing mm, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 12-Apr

3 singing mm (+2 calling), Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 13-Apr

1 singing m, La Barca de Vejer, 14-Apr

1 singing m, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 15-Apr

 

  Nightingale  Luscinia megarhynchos

Sonogram of Nightingale song

Montenmedio, Km 42.5 N340 Vejer de la Frontera, Andalucia, Spain  20 April 2010  1324h

c70 second excerpt of song from a continuous five minute bout from deep in evergreen scrub.

[File name: nightingale0420132447ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Northern Wheatear  Oenanthe oenanthe

1, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

 

Black-eared Wheatear  Oenanthe hispanica

1 m, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 15-Apr

 

Black Redstart  Phoenicurus ochruros

1, Embalse de Almodovar-Puerto de Ojén, 10-Apr

 

Common Stonechat  Saxicola torquatus

1 m, Casa la Palmera, Conil de la Frontera, 8-Apr

1 singing m, east side of La Zarzuela, 9-Apr

Several pairs, Embalse de Almodovar-Puerto de Ojén, 10-Apr

1 singing m with f, Río del Cachón (Zahara estuary), 11-Apr.

2 singing mm (+5 non-vocal), Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

pr, first 500 metres of trail, Sendero Marismas del Barbate (Marisma Alta), 15-Apr.

 

 European Stonechat  Saxicola rubicola

Sonogram of Stonechat song

La Janda, Andalucia, Spain  36º 13' 49.5'' N  5º 51' 27.0'' W  4 April 2012  1238h

Territorial song uttered from telegraph wire in a largely treeless landscape.

[File name: stonechat0404123854ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


     

 Sonogram of female Stonechat and juvenile calls

Valle de Ojén, Andalucia, Spain  36° 0.8' 54.8" N  05° 34' 57.1" W  15 April 2015

Female alarm calling with broadband 'chack' sounds and short whistles at 5.2 kHz. Also weak, burry trills from a fledgling at 2.9, 5.4, 6.1, 8.2 secs.

[File name: stonechatLS113177ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Blue Rock Thrush  Monticola solitarus

1 singing m, end of Sierra de Retín, 11-Apr

1 singing m, in Stone Pine Forest, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 12-Apr

1 singing m, in Stone Pine Forest, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 13-Apr

 

Common Blackbird  Turdus merula

Common in woodland and matorral habitats.

Usually noted at Breña de Barbate, Atlanterra, Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales, Bolonia.

Noted, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 6-Apr

4 mm, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 11-Apr

f, with nesting material, Castillo de la Almadrabas, 11-Apr

1 singing m, Castillo de la Almadrabas, 11-Apr

2 singing mm, Río del Cachón (Zahara estuary), 11-Apr.

Common, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 12-Apr

Singing, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 13-Apr

5 mm, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 15-Apr

 

Common Blackbird (Turdus merula) © Fraser Simpson

Common Blackbird (Turdus merula), Zahara de los Atunes

 

Song Thrush  Turdus philomelus

1, migrant, Río del Cachón (Zahara estuary), 11-Apr.

 

Blackcap  Sylvia atricapilla

Common in the Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales.

Singing, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 7-Apr

Common, Atlanterra, 8-Apr

Fairly common, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 8-Apr

2 singing mm, Faro de Camarinal, Cabo de Gracia, 9-Apr

Singing, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 10-Apr

Singing, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 12-Apr

Singing, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 13-Apr

f, La Barca de Vejer, 14-Apr

 

 Blackcap  Sylvia atricapilla

Sonogram of Backcap song

Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales, Andalucia, Spain  36° 9' 35.16" N  5° 34' 55.40" W  

15 Apr 2019

Territorial song from cork oak woodland. Comprised of short strophes of melodic, fluty phrases. This bird sounding vaguely Blackbird-like in tone.

[File name: blackcap115813ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


     

 Sonogram of Backcap song

Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales, Andalucia, Spain  36° 9' 35.16" N  5° 34' 55.40" W  

15 Apr 2019

Typican territorial song from cork oak woodland.

[File name: blackcap115792ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


     

Sonogram of Backcap song

Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales, Andalucia, Spain  36° 9' 35.16" N  5° 34' 55.40" W  

15 Apr 2019

Extended 'twittering' song uttered in several long bouts (in total nearly three minutes) from cork oak woodland.

[File name: blackcap115793ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Common Whitethroat  Sylvia communis

1 singing m, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

 

Spectacled Warbler  Sylvia communis

1 singing m, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 15-Apr

 

Sardinian Warbler  Sylvia melanocephala

Abundant in suitable habitat.

Noted at Playa de Zahara, Castillo de las Almadrabas, Atlanterra, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales, Cabo de Gracia.

Noted, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 6-Apr

Singing m, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 7-Apr

Singing, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 7-Apr

4 singing mm, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 8-Apr

Several singing mm, Atlanterra, 8-Apr

Several singing, Faro de Camarinal, Cabo de Gracia, 8-Apr

Abundant, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 8-Apr

Singing, Casa la Palmera, Conil de la Frontera, 8-Apr

Several calling/singing, Atlanterra, 9-Apr

3 singing mm, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 11-Apr

1 singing m, Río del Cachón (Zahara estuary), 11-Apr.

Abundant, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 12-Apr

Singing, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 13-Apr

1 singing m, La Barca de Vejer, 14-Apr

4 singing mm, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 15-Apr

1 singing m, first 500 metres of trail, Sendero Marismas del Barbate (Marisma Alta), 15-Apr.

 

  Sardinian Warbler  Sylvia melanocephala

  Sonogram of Sardinian Warbler song  Sonogram of Sardinian Warbler song

Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, Andalucia, Spain  36° 08' 46.4" N   05° 35' 04.3" W  11 Apr 2011, 1337h

Territorial song from skulking male in thorny, evergreen scrub on open cork oak slopes. Fast, chattering, scratchy warblers, each strophe lasting 3-8 seconds, mostly utter from within cover.

[File name: sardinianwarbler110411133715ecut1] Click here for the MP3 file


     

  Sonogram of Sardinian Warbler calls

Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, Andalucia, Spain  36° 08' 46.4" N   05° 35' 04.3" W  11 Apr 2011, 1337h

Call, probably used in alarm, from the same individual above: each strophe consisting of a short buzz, followed by four harsh couplets.

[File name: sardinianwarbler110411133715ecut2] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Western Subalpine Warbler  Sylvia inornata

1 f, Río del Cachón (Zahara estuary), 11-Apr

1 m, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 15-Apr

 

Zitting Cisticola  Cisticola juncidis

Fairly common and widespread.

Noted, Tarifa-Zahara, 6-Apr

Noted, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 6-Apr

4 singing mm, Casa la Palmera, Conil de la Frontera, 8-Apr

1 singing m, east side of La Zarzuela, 9-Apr

1 singing m, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 11-Apr

10 singing mm, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

1 singing m, oxbow/pool near Benalup, 14-Apr

2 singing mm, first 500 metres of trail, Sendero Marismas del Barbate (Marisma Alta), 15-Apr.

 

Zitting Cisticola (Cisticola juncidis) © Fraser Simpson

Zitting Cisticola (Cisticola juncidis), Marismas del Barbate

 

 Zitting Cisticola  Cisticola juncidis

  Sonogram of Zitting Cisticola song

La Janda, Andalucia, Spain  36º 13' 49.5'' N  5º 51' 27.0'' W  4 April 2012  1303h

Territorial/advertising song uttered in flight over flat agricultural land.

[File name: zittingcisticola0404130323e] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Cetti's Warbler  Cettia cetti

1 singing m, La Barca de Vejer, 14-Apr

6 singing mm, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

2 singing mm, first 500 metres of trail, Sendero Marismas del Barbate (Marisma Alta), 15-Apr.

 

Cetti's Warbler  Cettia cetti

Sonogram of Cetti's Warbler song

Marismas del Barbate, Andalucia, Spain  36º 14' 24.6'' N  5º 56' 53.5'' W  16 April 2019

Song - single strope.

[File name: cettiswarbler111481ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

European Reed Warbler  Acrocephalus scirpaceus

3 singing mm, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

 

Great Reed Warbler  Acrocephalus arundinaceus

1 singing m, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

 

Sedge Warbler  Acrocephalus schoenobaenus

None seen or heard in 2023.

 

Melodious Warbler  Hippolais polyglotta

1 singing m, Casa la Palmera, Conil de la Frontera, 8-Apr

1 singing m, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

 

  Melodious Warbler  Hippolais polyglotta

 Sonogram of Melodious Warbler song

Marismas del Barbate, Andalucia, Spain  36º 13' 55.9'' N  5º 56' 44.4'' W  3 April 2012  1832h

Territorial song uttered at 2.5 metres from a large patch of Giant Reed Arundo donax and thorn scrub.

[File name: melodiouswarbler0403183215ecut1] Click here for the MP3 file


     

  Sonogram of Melodious Warbler calls

Marismas del Barbate, Andalucia, Spain  36º 13' 55.9'' N  5º 56' 44.4'' W  3 April 2012  1832h

Calls from the same male above, before launching into another bout of continuous song.

[File name: melodiouswarbler0403183215ecut2] Click here for the MP3 file


     

 Sonogram of Melodious Warbler calls

Marismas del Barbate, Andalucia, Spain  36º 13' 55.9'' N  5º 56' 44.4'' W  3 April 2012  1832h

More calls from the same male above, with sparrow-like churrs and Barn Swallow mimicry..

[File name: melodiouswarbler0403183215ecut3] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Western Bonelli's Warbler  Phylloscopus bonelli

Fairly common in the Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales.

Singing, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 7-Apr

Singing, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 10-Apr

 

  Western Bonelli's Warbler  Phylloscopus bonelli

Sonogram of Western Bonelli's Warbler song

Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales, Andalucia, Spain  36° 9' 35.16" N  5° 34' 55.40" W  

15 Apr 2019, 1421h

Territorial song from cork oak woodland: ~ 0.7 sec trill composed of 8-10 elements. Singing at a rate of 6 strophes/min. Note subtle variation between trills.

[File name: bonelliswarbler0403142137ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


     

Sonogram of Western Bonelli's Warbler song

Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales, Andalucia, Spain  36° 9' 35.16" N  5° 34' 55.40" W  3 Apr 2012, 1421h

Territorial song from cork oak woodland. Note long time intervals between strophes.

[File name: bonelliswarbler0403142137ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


     

Sonogram of Western Bonelli's Warbler song

Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales, Andalucia, Spain  36° 08' 46.8" N   05° 34' 58.2" W  11 Apr 2011, 1307h

Territorial song from cork oak woodland. Strophes repeated 5-6 times per minute (background chaffinches edited from sonogram).

[File name: bonelliswarbler110411130746ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


     

Sonogram of Western Bonelli's Warbler call

Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales, Andalucia, Spain  36° 08' 46.8" N   05° 34' 58.2" W  15 Apr 2015

Calls from two birds in pursuit of each other, in shrub layer of cork oak woodland.

[File name: westernbonelliswarblerLS113159ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Common Chiffchaff  Phylloscopus colyybita

1 calling, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 7-Apr

 

 Common Chiffchaff  Phylloscopus collybita

 Sonogram of Common Chiffchaff song

Sendero Canuto de Risco Blanco, Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales, Andalucia, Spain

36° 09' 31.9" N  5° 35' 15.2" W  16 Apr 2019

Song from passage migrant in Iberian Chiffchaff habitat.

[File name: commonchiffchaff115820ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Iberian Chiffchaff  Phylloscopus ibericus

Fairly common in the Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales.

Singing, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 7-Apr

Singing, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 10-Apr

 

 Iberian Chiffchaff  Phylloscopus ibericus

Sonogram of Iberian Chiffchaff song

Sendero Canuto de Risco Blanco, Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales, Andalucia, Spain  36° 09' 31.9" N  5° 35' 15.2" W  10 Apr 2014

Territorial song from holm oak woodland. Note this individual shows little or no slurring of elements compared with birds below. Part of a 10 minute recording where bird sang from four different regular song perches.

[File name: iberianchiffchaffLS111908ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


     

Sonogram of Iberian Chiffchaff call

Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales, Andalucia, Spain  36° 08' 46.8" N   05° 34' 58.2" W  8 Apr 2018

Downslurred calls at 3.3-5.4 kHz.

[File name: iberianchiffchaff114841e] Click here for the MP3 file


     

Sonogram of Iberian Chiffchaff song

Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales, Andalucia, Spain  36° 9' 35.16" N  5° 34' 55.40" W  2 Apr 2012, 1445h

Territorial song from cork oak woodland. Note the slower delivery from this bird compared to previous recordings below.

[File name: iberianchiffchaff0402144541ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


     

Sonogram of Iberian Chiffchaff song  Sonogram of Iberian Chiffchaff song

Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales, Andalucia, Spain  36° 08' 46.8" N   05° 34' 58.2" W  11 Apr 2011, 1209h

Territorial song from cork oak/holm oak woodland. This bird was singing with continual variation between successive strophes. Note the rapid delivery with more elements than is typical in the first strophe.

[File name: iberianchiffchaff110411120906ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


     

 Sonogram of Iberian Chiffchaff calls

Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales, Andalucia, Spain  36° 09' 42.4" N   05° 34' 55.0" W  10 Apr 2011, 1204h

Call from a bird feeding very low in undergrowth of Cork Oak slope.

[File name: iberianchiffchaff110410120439ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


     

Sonogram of Iberian Chiffchaff song

Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales, Andalucia, Spain  36° 09' 42.4" N   05° 34' 55.0" W  15 Apr 2010, 1132h

Territorial song from cork oak/holm oak woodland. This strophe composed of seven notes rhythmically decending in pitch, followed by faster phrase of four to five higher notes.

[File name: iberianchiffchaff0415113229ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Willow Warbler  Phylloscopus trochilus

1 calling, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 7-Apr

 

Firecrest  Regulus ignicapilla

Fairly common in the Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales.

Singing, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 7-Apr

Singing, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 10-Apr

 

Common Firecrest (Regulus ignicapilla) © Fraser Simpson

Firecrest (Regulus ignicapilla), Valle de Ojén

 

 Firecrest  Regulus ignicapilla

Sonogram of Firecrest song

Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales, Andalucia, Spain  36° 9' 35.16" N  5° 34' 55.40" W  2 Apr 2012, 1504h

Territorial song from cork oak oak woodland.

[File name: firecrest0402150403ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


     

Sonogram of Firecrest call

Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales, Andalucia, Spain  36° 9' 35.16" N  5° 34' 55.40" W  16 Apr 2015

Calls from cork oak oak woodland.

[File name: firecrestLS113209ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Eurasian Wren  Troglodytes troglodytes

Fairly common in the Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales.

Singing, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 7-Apr

Singing m, Atlanterra, 8-Apr

Several singing, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 8-Apr

Singing, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 10-Apr

Singing, Sendero del Acantilado, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 12-Apr

Singing, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 13-Apr

 

Long-tailed Tit  Aegithalos caudatus

pr, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 7-Apr

 

Blue Tit  Cyanistes caeruleus

Common in the Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales.

Noted, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 10-Apr

 

Great Tit  Parus major

Fairly common in the Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales

Singing, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 7-Apr

1, Río del Cachón (Zahara estuary), 11-Apr

 

Crested Tit  Lophophanes cristatus

1-2 calling, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 10-Apr

 

 Crested Tit  Lophophanes cristatus

 Sonogram of Crested Tit calls

Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales, Andalucia, Spain  3 April 2016

Two call types from a pair: typical short trill and a higher-pitched squeakly double-element at 6 kHz.

[File name: crestedtitLS113415ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Eurasian Nuthatch  Sitta europea

Fairly common, Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales

Heard calling, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 7-Apr

 

Eurasian Nuthatch (Sitta europea) drawing © Fraser Simpson

 

Short-toed Treecreeper  Certhia brachydactyla

Common in the Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales.

Also heard and seen in La Breña de Barbate (Umbrella Pine woods).

Singing, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 7-Apr

Singing, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 10-Apr

1 singing m, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 13-Apr

 

 

Short-toed Treecreeper (Certhia brachydactyla), Valle de Ojén

 

 Short-toed Treecreeper  Certhia brachydactyla

Sonogram of Short-toed Treecreeper song

Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales, Andalucia, Spain  36° 09' 42.4" N   05° 34' 55.0" W  1 Apr 2012, 1210h

Territorial song from cork oak/holm oak woodland.

[File name: shorttoedtreecreeper0401121044e] Click here for the MP3 file


     

Sonogram of Short-toed Treecreeper song

Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales, Andalucia, Spain  36° 09' 42.4" N   05° 34' 55.0" W  15 Apr 2010, 1200h

Territorial song from cork oak/holm oak woodland.

[File name: sttreecreeper0415120015ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Woodchat Shrike  Lanius senator

1, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 6-Apr

1, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 8-Apr

4 (3 mm/1 f), Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 11-Apr

1, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

1, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

 

Golden Oriole  Oriolus oriolus

1 m, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 13-Apr

 

Eurasian Jay  Garrulus glandarius

1, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 10-Apr

 

Eurasian Jay (Garrulus glandarius) drawing © Fraser Simpson

 

 Eurasian Jay  Garrulus glandarius

  Sonogram of Eurasian Jay calls

Sendero Canuto de Risco Blanco, Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales, Spain

36° 09' 31.9" N  5° 35' 15.2" W  16 April 2019

Calls from a Jay mobbing (along with Blue Tit and Blackbird) mobbing a Tawny Owl at roost.

[File name: jayLS111850ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Western Jackdaw  Corvus monedula

Common, cliffs around La Breña de Barbate & La Barca de Vejer.

20+, Casa la Palmera, Conil de la Frontera, 8-Apr

30+, La Barca de Vejer, 14-Apr

50+, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

 

 Western Jackdaw (Corvus monedula) © Fraser Simpson

Jackdaws (Corvus monedula) sharing a nesting ledge with Northern Bald Ibis

 

Common Raven  Corvus corax

1, Atlanterra, 8-Apr

 

Spotless Starling  Sturnus unicolor

Common around human habitatation, agricultural areas, and semi-natural grassland.

Noted at Zahara, Atlanterra, Barbate, El Almarchal, Facinas, La Janda, Benalup, Barbate, Los Caños de Meca, El Palmar, Bolonia.

Common, Malaga-Tarifa-Zahara, 6-Apr

Noted, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 6-Apr

Noted, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 8-Apr

Noted, Atlanterra, 8-Apr

38, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 11-Apr

Singing mm, Castillo de la Almadrabas, 11-Apr

30+, Río del Cachón (Zahara estuary), 11-Apr

1 singing m, Hotel Gran Sol, 12-Apr

Noted, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

7, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

Noted, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 15-Apr

10+, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

 

House Sparrow  Passer domesticus

Common around human habitatation, agricultural areas, and semi-natural grassland.

Noted, Malaga Airport, 6-Apr

Noted, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 6-Apr

60+, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 7-Apr

Noted, Atlanterra, 8-Apr

Noted, Casa la Palmera, Conil de la Frontera, 8-Apr

50+, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 11-Apr

100+, Río del Cachón (Zahara estuary), 11-Apr

Noted, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

First song 07:10, Hotel Gran Sol, Zahara, 13-Apr

Noted, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

Noted, behind Estadio Municipal de Deportes/Avenida Joaquín Blume, Marismas del Barbate, 14-Apr

Noted, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 15-Apr

Noted, first 500 metres of trail, Sendero Marismas del Barbate (Marisma Alta), 15-Apr.

 

Spanish Sparrow  Passer hispaniolensis

pr, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

 

  Spanish Sparrow  Passer hispaniolensis

  Sonogram of Spanish Sparrow calls

Marismas del Barbate, Andalucia, Spain  36º 14' 24.6'' N  5º 56' 53.5'' W  9 April 2018

Calls from a male Spanish Sparrow adjacent to a calling House Sparrow. Spanish calls are higher-pitched and upslurred, while House calls are lower-pitched and downslurred.

[File name: spanishsparrow114876e] Click here for the MP3 file


 

 

Common Chaffinch  Fringilla coelebs

Common in the Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de los Alcornocales.

Singing, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 7-Apr

Singing, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 10-Apr

 

 Common Chaffinch   Fringilla coelebs

Sonogram of Chaffinch song

Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales, Andalucia, Spain  36° 08' 46.8" N   05° 34' 58.2" W  15 Apr 2019

Territorial/advertising song from Cork Oak woodland.

[File name: chaffinch115763ecut2] Click here for the MP3 file


     

 Sonogram of Chaffinch song

Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales, Andalucia, Spain  36° 08' 46.8" N   05° 34' 58.2" W  8 Apr 2018

Territorial/advertising song from Cork Oak woodland.

[File name: chaffinch114850ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Common Linnet  Carduelis cannabina

pr, Atlanterra, 8-Apr

pr, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

pr, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 15-Apr

pr, first 500 metres of trail, Sendero Marismas del Barbate (Marisma Alta), 15-Apr.

 

 Common Linnet  Carduelis cannabina

 Sonogram of Linnet song  Sonogram of Linnet song

Montenmedio, Vejer de la Frontera, Andalucia, Spain  20 Apr 2010, 1223h

Territorial song from Umbrella Pine woodland; a continuous rambling series of squeaky notes interspersed with short trills (e.g. 5.1 to 5.5 secs) and whistles (e.g. at 6.7 sec).

[File name: linnet0420122329ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

European Goldfinch  Carduelis carduelis

Common throughout the area with both breeding birds and arriving migrants.

Noted, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 6-Apr

Singing, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 7-Apr

17, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 8-Apr

Singing mm, Atlanterra, 8-Apr

Noted, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 8-Apr

Singing, Faro de Camarinal, Cabo de Gracia, 9-Apr

Singing mm, Atlanterra, 9-Apr

30, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 11-Apr

11, Río del Cachón (Zahara estuary), 11-Apr.

Singing, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 12-Apr

33, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

1 singing m, oxbow/pool near Benalup, 14-Apr

1, Río Barbate mouth, 15-Apr

4, first 500 metres of trail, Sendero Marismas del Barbate (Marisma Alta), 15-Apr.

 

European Greenfinch  Carduelis chloris

Fairly common throughout the area with both breeding birds and arriving migrants.

Several singing mm, Atlanterra, 8-Apr

2 singing mm, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 8-Apr

1 singing m, Casa la Palmera, Conil de la Frontera, 8-Apr

1 singing m, Faro de Camarinal, Cabo de Gracia, 9-Apr

Several singing mm, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 12-Apr

Singing, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 13-Apr

1, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 15-Apr

1, first 500 metres of trail, Sendero Marismas del Barbate (Marisma Alta), 15-Apr.

 

European Greenfinch  Carduelis chloris

Sonogram of Greenfinch perched song

Breña de Barbate, Andalucía, Spain  13 April 2019

Short, simple wheeez song from a perched bird, followed by short trills before taking flight.

[File name: greenfinch115700ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

European Serin  Serinus serinus

Widespread and fairly common in most areas.

Noted, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 6-Apr

Common, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 8-Apr

Common, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 12-Apr

Singing & displaying, Sendero del Acantilado, La Breña de Barbate, 13-Apr

3, first 500 metres of trail, Sendero Marismas del Barbate (Marisma Alta), 15-Apr.

 

 European Serin   Serinus serinus

Sonogram of begging calls from fledgling Serin

Breña de Barbate, Andalucía, Spain  13 April 2019

Begging calls from fledgling Serin in Umbrella Pine.

[File name: serin115714ecut2] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Hawfinch  Coccothraustes coccothraustes

3-4, Arroyo del Tiradero, Valle de Ojén, 7-Apr

 

 Hawfinch  Coccothraustes coccothraustes

 Sonogram of Hawfinch song

Valle de Ojén, Parque Natural de Los Alcornocales, Andalucia, Spain 36° 08' 46.8" N   05° 34' 58.2" W  1 Apr 2012, 1405h

Inconspicuous and simple song uttered from Holm/Cork Oak woodland.

[File name: hawfinch0401140529ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Cirl Bunting  Emberiza cirlus

1 m, Embalse de Almodovar-Puerto de Ojén, 10-Apr

 

Corn Bunting  Miliaria calandra

Common and widespread in most open habitats including coastal dunes, rough pasture, agricultural fields & marshes.

Noted around Zahara de los Atunes, La Zarzuela, El Almarchal, Parque Eolico, Venta de Retín, La Janda, Benalup, Barbate, Cortijo Los Villares, El Palmar, Facinas, Embalse de Almodóvar, Bolonia.

Noted, Tarifa-Zahara, 6-Apr

Noted, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 6-Apr

Singing m, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 7-Apr

Noted, Zahara-Facinas, 7-Apr

Singing m, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 8-Apr

Singing, Casa la Palmera, Conil de la Frontera, 8-Apr

5 singing mm, east side of La Zarzuela, 9-Apr

2 singing mm, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 11-Apr

2 singing mm, Río del Cachón (Zahara estuary), 11-Apr.

Singing mm, El Cañillo, Marismas del Barbate, 12-Apr

13 singing mm, Canal Colector del Este, La Janda, 14-Apr

1 singing m, oxbow/pool near Benalup, 14-Apr

3 singing mm, Playa de Zahara boardwalk, 15-Apr

1 singing m, first 500 metres of trail, Sendero Marismas del Barbate (Marisma Alta), 15-Apr.

 

Corn Bunting  Emberiza calandra

Sonogram of Corn Bunting song

Marismas del Barbate, Andalucia, Spain  36° 10' 28.6" N  05° 53' 34.6" W  17 April 2019

Territorial/advertising song from fence post.

Each ~2.2 sec strophe composed single elements accelerating into a brief trill before forming a longer buzz (~1.0 sec) which increases then decreases in pitch, ending with a shorter trill which increases in pitch.

[File name: cornbunting115897ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


     

Sonogram of Corn Bunting copulation calls

Marismas del Barbate, Andalucia, Spain  36° 10' 28.6" N  05° 53' 34.6" W  17 April 2019

Copulation calls from male Corn Bunting followed by song strophe on dismounting.

[File name: cornbunting115893e] Click here for the MP3 file


     

    Sonogram of Corn Bunting song

La Janda, Andalucia, Spain  36° 14' 12.70" N  5° 48' 57.54" W  31 March 2012  1307h

Terrirorial/advertising song from low vegetation beside the Canal Colector del Este, La Janda.

[File name: cornbunting0331155106ecut] Click here for the MP3 file


 

Rock Bunting  Emberiza cia

None seen or heard in 2023

 

 

Egyptian Mantis, Mole Cricket, Conehead Mantis © Fraser SimpsonIberian Water Frog (Pelophylax perezi) · Stripeless Tree Frog (Hyla meridionalis) · Viperine Snake (Natrix maura)

 

Egyptian Mantis, Mole Cricket, Conehead Mantis © Fraser SimpsonEgyptian Grasshopper  (Anacridium aegyptiacum) · Mole Cricket  (Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa) · Conehead Mantis (Empusa pennata)

 

Black-crowned Night Heron, Eurasian Spoombill, Western Cattle Egret © Fraser SimpsonBlack-crowned Night Heron  (Nycticorax nycticorax) · Eurasian Spoonbill  (Platalea leucorodia) · Western Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis)

 

Large Tortoiseshell, Spanish Festoon, Provence Hairstreak © Fraser SimpsonLarge Tortoiseshell  (Nymphalis polychloros) · Spanish Festoon  (Zerynthia rumina) · Provence Hairstreak (Tomares ballus)

 

Bedriaga's Skink, Spanish Terrapin, Ocellated Lizard © Fraser SimpsonBedriaga's Skink  (Anacridium aegyptiacum) · Spanish Terrapin  (Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa) · Ocellated Lizard (Empusa pennata)

 

Collared Pratincole, Greater Flamingo, Caspian Tern © Fraser SimpsonCollared Pratincole  (Glareola pratincola) · Greater Flamingo  (Phoenicopterus roseus) · Caspian Tern (Hydroprogne caspia)

 

Puissant's Green-winged Grasshopper, Common Digging Grasshopper, Broad Green-winged Grasshopper © Fraser SimpsonPuissant's Green-winged Grasshopper  (Aiolopus puissanti) · Common Digging Grasshopper  (Acrotylus insubricus) · Broad Green-winged Grasshopper (Aiolopus strepens)

 

Egyptian Vulture, European Bee-eater, Woodchat Shrike © Fraser SimpsonGriffon Vulture  (Anacridium aegyptiacum) · European Bee-eater  (Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa) · Woodchat Shrike (Empusa pennata)

 

 

 

 

 

Previous Trip Reports:  2023 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2003

Ladder Snake (Rhinechis scalaris) © Fraser Simpson

Ladder Snake (Rhinechis scalaris), Conil de la Frontera

 

CdlL Textures  © Fraser Simpson

All photographs © 2023  F. S. Simpson

Fraser's Birding Website · fssbirding.org.uk

 

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